Name a specific kind of donut?
A chocolate donut. Or a jelly donut.
It is just how that specific type of donut is made and designed. Some donuts are meant to have a filling, others aren't. Also, the texture of the cake donut (and taste of it, too) are slightly different than that of a filled donut. Cake donuts have a texture just as the name implies, like cake. Cake absorbs liquids and semiliquids used as donut fillings. The cake would become saturated with it. Yeast donuts on…
Well to start, what kind of donut recipe do you want? There are many different kinds of donuts therefor there are many different donut recipes. I would look at this website for all your donut needs. http:/recipes.lovetoknow.com/wiki/Category:Donut_Recipes Just copy and paste that into your address box then hit enter. You should be able to find at least one donut recipe that suits you.
As a dessert item, there is no scientific name for that. Here are some suggestions if there were, however: Eatabus Sugabus Yummitis Fatbuttibus Kriskremestes Belliodan Scarfodon Rex Sweetoothis Chompsis But Seriously... The name for a donut shape is a "torus" -- a circle rotated around a coplanar axis.