Name one hormone and state its function?
* Insulin - released by pancreas - encourages liver and muscle cells to absorb glucose from the blood; stimulates the conversion of glucose ----> glycogen in liver/muscle cells.
It is a substance that is produced by a endocrine gland in one part of the body, passes into the bloodstream and is carried to other organs or tissues, where it acts to modify their structures or function. Example of hormones are cortico steroids, adrenaline, growth hormone, androgens, oestrogen,thyroid hormone and insulin. Hormones have a dramatic and broad range of effects on metabolism, growth and maturation, sexuality and reproduction, and other important bodily functions.
Corticosteroids affect mineral and glucose metabolism. One of them, cortisol, is a glucocorticoid and is generally regarded as a long-term stress regulator. Another is aldosterone, a mineralocorticoid, and it helps regulate salt in the body. And still another is an androgen, a masculinizing hormone.