Powers of each branch?
The Legislative Branch makes the laws. The judicial branch interprets the laws. The Executive Branch enforces the laws. Each branch also has other powers in specific situations.
How does the constitution limits the powers of government through separation of powers and checks and balances?
Each branch of government(Legislative, Executive, and Judicial) checks the other branch. For example, The Legislative Branch checks the Executive, the Executive branch checks the Judicial, and the Judicial checks the Legislative. When each branch checks the other, they make sure that that branch is not too powerful or too weak. -Trent S. Fresno