Rousseau didn't think society should exist at all. However he did believe in particular will over general will so he would favour a direct democracy.
Hobbes believes that a strong ruler is necessary to maintain order in a society (the Leviathon). Rousseau in 'The Social Contract' gives an account of a civil society that generates good citizens through a democratic education. When the society is first forming however, the people lack these qualities and so a "Lawgiver" steps into power to teach them. This dictatorial figure relinquishes power after his task is complete. As opposed to Hobbes's account where he remains in power forever. Also both Hobbes and Rousseau are social contract theorists and so the consent of the governed is necessary to legitimize a political society. For Hobbes people merely consent to being ruled whereas Rousseau believes the 'general will' of the people should decide the structure of society.
According to Rousseau Citizens should be the authors of societies laws because he believed that the only good government was one that was freely formed by the people, and guided by the "general will of society- a direct democracy.
No, Thomas Paine was influenced by Rousseau's concept that society unites for the common good and that citizens of the state surrender certain selfish desires to have their life liberty and property defended.
according to locke how should a land be governed and why is it the case
You should note that there are two famous French painters named Rousseau. Théodore Rousseau, landscape painter 1812-1867, and Henri Rousseau, naive painter 1844-1910.
We should try to draw out the basic goodness in people through education
We should try to draw out the basic goodness in people through education.
Rousseau believed that the ideal government held the freedom of its citizens as its highest priority. He believed efforts should be made to give citizens freedom on a level that would be the closest to that of nature. He believed modern society, unfortunately, compared poorly to the laws of nature.
George Washington was the President who argued that political parties should be avoided.
thew colonies that argued that the colonies should not separates are called patriots
John Stuart Mill argued that government should stay out of private business.
Rousseau's political ideas would not be practicable in contemporary society and in the society of his days. Rousseau argued that sovereignty, intended as the power to make laws, should rest in the people, but not through a representative assembly. It should be through direct democracy; that is,by the people voting on bills in a popular assembly). This could have been workable in a small state, such as Rousseau's Geneva, but not in a big state, such as France. His idea of the general will has been criticised. In this, the government should implement and enforce the general will and that citizens should obey the general will, which would render them free. Unfortunately this concept of the general will was not elaborated clearly. Rousseau saw the general will as a protection of the individual against the mass and as a loyalty to the good of all which should everyone's prime concern and commitment so that it is heeded and formulated successfully. Presumably, this general will could be the vote of the popular assembly. However, neither how the genre will would protect the individual nor how is it would be determined successfully is elaborated clearly. This has led some scholars to argue that the concept of the general contributed to the French revolution sliding into a dictatorship and that it amounted to a tyranny of the poor. Theories base on the concepts of the state of nature and a social contract were around in the 17th and 18th centuries and then went out of fashion. His view of inequality and its effect, still can have some resonance.
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Plato believed that society should be organized so that the best and the brightest governed it,both him and his student Aristotle took part in the rise of democracy.
Rousseau did not support slavery. He thought it absurd and meaningless. All people are born with liberty and rights. They should not be subjected to ownership when they are equal.