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Depo-Provera
Drug Side Effects

Side effects of family planning are?

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December 06, 2008 12:44AM

While this is a long answer it covers all forms of family planning and the side effects of each. The information given is based on currently available scientific studies. Cost may vary. Methods Creighton Model FertilityCare SystemOvulation Method - BillingsSymptothermal Method Possible side effects NoneNoneNone Effectiveness to achieve pregnancy (normal fertility) Approximately 75% per cycleApproximately 67% per cycleNot available Effectiveness to avoid pregnancy (method/use) 99.5%/96.8%97%/93-98%98-99.5%/96-97% Continuation rate at one year 79%65%69% Harmful to fertility NoNoNo Responsible for use Man & womanMan & womanMan & woman Total cost first year (may vary) $200 (8 sessions)$35 (4 sessions)$45 (4 sessions) Total cost 10 years $300$135$145 References Repro Med 1998; 43:495-502Pope Paul VI Institute Press, 1995Advances in Contraception 1993; 9:269-83 Methods CondomsDiaphragmSponge Possible side effects Irritation or allergic reactionsIrritation or allergic reaction, risk for urinary tract infectionAllergic reaction, Rare: risk to toxic shock syndrome Effectiveness to achieve pregnancy (normal fertility) Not applicableNot applicableNot applicable Effectiveness to avoid pregnancy (method/use) 97%94%80-91% Continuation rate at one year 63%58%52% Harmful to fertility NoNoNo Responsible for use ManWomanWoman Total cost first year (may vary) $30-60$120-150$75-150 Total cost 10 years $300-600$450-750$750-1500 References Irvington Publishers 1994Irvington Publishers 1994Irvington Publishers 1994 Methods Creams, Gels, Suppositories Possible side effects Irritation or allergic reactions Effectiveness to achieve pregnancy (normal fertility) Not applicable Effectiveness to avoid pregnancy (method/use) 94/79% Continuation rate at one year 43% Harmful to fertility No Responsible for use Woman Total cost first year (may vary) $30-60 Total cost 10 years $300-600 References Irvington Publishers 1994 Methods Tubal Ligation Vasectomy Possible side effects Associated with increased rates of hysterectomy, ectopic pregnancy, painful periods Associated with two-fold increase in the rate of prostate cancer Effectiveness to achieve pregnancy (normal fertility) Not applicable Not applicable Effectiveness to avoid pregnancy (method/use) 99.8%/99.6% 99.9%/99.8% Continuation rate at one year 100% 100% Harmful to fertility Yes Yes Responsible for use Woman Man Total cost first year (may vary) $2,300 $1,000 Total cost 10 years Same Same References Obstetrics and Gynecology 1993; 83(1):118-21 JAMA 1993; 269:873-77 Method Intrauterine Device Possible side effects Effectiveness to achieve pregnancy (normal fertility) Not applicable Effectiveness to avoid pregnancy (method/use) 98/97% Continuation rate at one year 80% Harmful to fertility Can be Responsible for use Woman Total cost first year (may vary) $400 Total cost 10 years $800 Methods Oral Contraceptives (birth control pill)Norplant (surgical insertion every 5 years)Depo-Provera (injection every 3 months) Possible side effects Breast tenderness, breast cyst, weight gain, headaches, nausea & vomiting, irregular bleeding. May delay return of normal fertility. Rare; increased risk to breast cancers, liver tumors, elevated blood pressure, heart attack, phlebitis, strokeLocal infection & bruising upon insertion is possible, irregular menses, acne, weight gain, headaches, breast painDelays return of fertility by an average 9 months after last shot. Irregular menses, acne, weight gain, headaches, breast pain Effectiveness to achieve pregnancy (normal fertility) Not applicableNot applicableNot applicable Effectiveness to avoid pregnancy (method/use) 99.6%/94%99.9%/99.9%99.7%/99.7% Continuation rate at one year 72%85%70% Harmful to fertility May delayUnclearDelays Responsible for use WomanWomanWoman Total cost first year (may vary) $240$600$240 Total cost 10 years $2,400$1,900$2,400 References Contemporary Obstetrics & Gynecology 1988; 19:315-26Contraception 1990; 41:169-77Contraception 1974; 10:181-202