Signs and symptoms of diabetes insipidus?
Diabetes insipidus is an inability to produce concentrated urine because of a lack of anti-diuretic hormone.
Symptoms include; excessive amounts of dilute urine, excessive thirst and dehydration.
Diabetes insipidus is due to the kidney not being able to concentrate urine. The cardinal symptom is increased urination but patients often do not notice this. Other symptoms can include dehydration, dizziness, cramps, fatigue and confusion. On laboratory testing a high serum sodium is usually found.
Diabetes insipidus is a disorder where urine cannot be concentrated as usual, because of a lack of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH). ADH is responsible for inserting water channels into the collecting duct (in the kidney), which allows water to be reabsorbed. This disorder results in dehydration, excessive thirst and excessive amounts of urine. It is unrelated to diabetes (diabetes mellitus) except that the symptoms are similar.
Although diabetes can produce a variety of signs and symptoms, there are some that are most common. These diabetes signs include increased thirst, urinary frequency and an increase in appetite. In addition, common diabetes signs may include weight loss and mood swings. Although weight loss as diabetes signs are typically more frequent in Type I Diabetes or Juvenile Diabetes, it can be a common sign of diabetes in Diabetes Mellitus or Adult Onset Diabetes. Other diabetes signs may include fatigue, poor wound healing and frequent yeast infections. If individuals experience any of these symptoms or diabetes signs, they should report them to their physician immediately for proper evaluation and treatment.
Both diabetes mellitis and diabetes insipidus cause increased uriine production, hence the name from the Greek, Diabetes. However, diabetes mellitis is caused by problems making or using insulin, and diabetes insipidus is caused by problems making or using ADH. There are two types of diabetes mellitus: A severe, chronic form of diabetes caused by insufficient production of insulin and resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. The disease, which typically appears in childhood or adolescence, is characterized by increased sugar levels in the blood and urine, excessive thirst, frequent urination, acidosis, and wasting. Also called insulin-dependent diabetes, type 1 diabetes. A mild form of diabetes that typically appears first in adulthood and is exacerbated by obesity and an inactive lifestyle. This disease often has no symptoms, is usually diagnosed by tests that indicate glucose intolerance, and is treated with changes in diet and an exercise regimen. Also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes, type 2 diabetes. Diabetes insipidus (DI) is unrelated to diabetes mellitus and has nothing to do with glucose. The symptoms include excessive thirst and constant urination because of the inability of the kidneys to regulate fluid. It its most common form, called central diabetes insipidus, it is caused by a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). In the second most common type, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is is caused by the kidneys being insensitive to antidiuretic hormone (ADH). It can also be caused by prescribed medications.