The F16N at Top Gun did not carry any weapons What is the missile simulator on the right wing called and where can you find pictures and-or specifications for it?
The F-16N normally carried a 'blue tube" AIM-9 on the port wing tip, an active seeker head with no warhead or rocket motor. One the starboard wing tip they carried an orange ACMI (TACTS) pod.
Modern submarines carry a wide variety of weapons. An example of a U.S. Navy Fast-Attack Submarine weapons capability includes: Homing Torpedoes (Active and Passive Sonar) Tomahawk Land-Attack Missile (Conventional and Nuclear) Tomahawk Anti-Ship Missile Harpoon Anti-Ship Missile Mines Ballistic Missile submarines can carry those weapons as well, but their primary mission is Nuclear Deterrence, and as such their main weapons are Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles (SLBM's).
What questions about nuclear weapons did the Cuban missile crisis raise in Canada's minds and why did these questions divide Canadians?
The intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) was the eventual method developed to deliver nuclear weapons. The variants IRBM (intermediate range ballistic missile) and SLBM (submarine launched ballistic missile) are currently used, along with cruise missiles. However, some weapons are still carried by jet bombers in the USAF's Air Force Global Strike Command (formerly Strategic Air Command).