The difference between flying ants and carpenter ants or are all flying ants carpenter ants?
Not all flying ants are carpenter ants. However, all carpenter ants can fly. There are various types of flying ants. Carpenter ants can be distinguished by their larger size and reddish tone to their body.
carpenter ants do not eat wood like termites, but they do bore through wood to create galleries for their nests. [this replaces a very false answer--good sources for more answers and identifying different species of black ants--this can be tricky--are univsersity extension services you can find on the internet, they have URLs ending in .edu]