The nation's first major labor strike was begun by?
The first significant labor strike in the United States was started by railway workers who were upset by wage cuts. This is known as the Railroad Strike of 1877.
Generally speaking a strike means a labor strike. This is an action when a labor union and the owners of a company cannot agree on the terms of a new labor contract. The Union workers generally walk picket lines and do not go to work as usual. In modern days, important labor -management disputes are settled by arbitration.
The Knights of Labor showed how powerful a labor organization could be by literally shutting down the country's railway system when the union called for a strike. The Knights was the first labor organization to represent laborers, rather than just craftsmen. It also promoted a progressive membership which included women and African Americans. It was also the first labor organization that used politics effectively, including sharing in the formation of the Greenback Party.
Labor unions in Canada were on strike for shorter work hours. American labor leader Peter J. McGuire witnessed one of the unions parades and held a "labor day" on September 5, 1882. Labor Day was first celebrated to honor workers and give them a day of rest. President Cleveland declared it a national holiday to appeal to unions.
Leon Trotsky, in exile, continued his writings on all issues related to Marxism and of course the horrible situation that Stalin had placed on the Soviet people. He also wrote about labor strikes. He made the point that before a labor union decided to strike a particular company or industry, proper groundwork should be done by using propaganda to first educate the workers. This was the essential first step. His second step was to ensure…