Such is known as executive privilege.
executive privilege. Executive Privilege is not an unlimited right to refuse. It extends only to those topics or areas which are critical for the President to retain privacy in order to accomplish his role as Executive. As such, it was possible for Congress to compel Bill Clinton to testify regarding the Whitewater affair.
Under the U.S. Constitution and the Separation of Powers protections a President is compelled to appear and testify before Congress when instructed to do so. The first job of the President is to enforce the law and the Constitution states that the law is whatever Congress declares it to be. Therefore, for a President to not appear and testify before Congress would be a failure to execute his duties and a violation of the Separation of Powers rule.
Because women were not allowed to testify.
No. No one has the right to impede justice. If they have information that is material and relevant to the case, they do not have the option to withhold it. They may be questioned as a "hostile witness" or they may be ordered by the judge to testify. If they refuse they can be held in contempt of court and jailed and/or fined.
Sure, but in some cases it can get you in trouble
If you refuse to honor a subpoena, an arrest warrant can be issued and contempt proceedings initiated. If you appear but refuse to testify, unless you are invoking your fifth amendment right against self-incrimination or asserting a recognized privilege against compelled testimony, you can also be held in contempt. Of course, it's hard to find a witness in contempt for an inability to remember.
Executive Privilege. Executive privilege is not absolute; there are exceptions when the President cannot invoke this power. The Supreme Court addressed this issue in United States v. Nixon, (1974).For more information, see Related Questions, below.
Yes, in general the courts can force you to testify with some exceptions. You have the right to refuse to testify if your testimony would tend to incriminate you. In addition the laws and Rules of Evidence provide certain people privileges from being forced to testify as to certain matters, such as for example, the attorney-client and priest-penitent privilege.
hey both guarantee equality to all people. They both include a right to refuse to testify against oneself."
Yes, she can. She can also go to prison for obstruction of justice.
Which refuse to testify before a government committee investigating anti communism
I refuse to testify on the grounds that it might incriminate me - taken from the fifth amendment to the american constitution.
George Washington was the first president to refuse his salary of $25,000/yr.
I don't believe you have much choice. If you are not the defendant, married to the defendant, or legally insane and a danger to your self and others, you have to testify. If you refuse, you can be held in 'Contempt of Court', and will go to jail.
While conducting investigations, Congress has the power to subpoena witnesses, require witnesses to testify under oath, and can punish those that refuse to testify.
Yes. This is known as the prohibition against self-incrimination or the right to silence. In the US legal system this is a right guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment."Taking the fifth" means refusing to answer a question on the basis that you may incriminate yourself. It is illegal to convict someone for a crime on the basis that they refuse to testify against themselves.
NO amendment says a person has the right to testify against himself (which is true), but there is one that says the opposite.The Fifth Amendment, part of the Bill of Rights, says that no citizen can be forced to testify against themselvesi.e. you have the right to NOT testify against yourself.In popular culture, "taking the Fifth" means "invoking your right against self-incrimination."
It gives Americans the right to refuse to testify against themselves, meaning you cannot be forced to testify at all in court if you are facing charges for a crime. Before, people would be "encouraged" to testify. One popular method was called pressing, where large stones would be placed on top of a person until they either entered a guilty/not guilty plea or suffocated from the weight.
Congress cannot compel the President to testify.