The theory of biological Evolution includes the concept that?
... Chromosomes contain [biochemically] linear information that produces three types of proteins: structural, enzymatic, and control related [functional]- and that the order of these linearly composed proteins is subject to 'a highly specific / predictable / and regular rate of mutation(s)' - that equally regularly produce slightly altered protein products with slightly altered 'biochemical and hence biological activity' properties, and right here is where the concept of "biological selection through bio-FITNESS" occurs; whereas more fit biochemical processes produce improved biochemistry ..., then through these processes biological Evolution occurs.
What scientists theory of evolution includes the concept that new organs in a species appear as a result of the actions of organisms as they use or fail to us body structures?
Physical, or biological anthropology is the coherent half of anthropology and is underlined by the concept of evolution and the theory of evolution by natural selection. Physical anthropology concerns itself with comparative studies of simian and prosimian species and the evolution of the human species. So evolution is the change in allele frequency over time in a population of organisms in physical anthropology as well as anywhere in the world.
How has Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection influenced scientific thinking in the modern world?
The theory of evolution by natural selection, which is the cornerstone of biology, is the basis for immunology, evolutionary biology, ecology, biological anthropology, neurology, evolutionary development and a host of other scientific disciplines. The testable hypotheses that evolutionary theory generates reaches as far as astronomy and Lee Smolin's concept about evolving universes.