# The truncated binary exponential back off algorithm?

This is the Algorithm use by CSMA/CD as a wait period to allow other devices on the network to access the media.

### How do you convert Binary-to-Decimal and Decimal-to-Binary?

You can use a table to convert binary to decimal & back: MSBBinary DigitLSB2827262524232221202561286432168421 Figure out the greatest power that will fit into the number you want to convert to binary. Move to the next lower power of two. If you can fit into the next lower number write down a "1", if it can't put down "0". Put together the binary answer.

### What are the disadvantages of stack?

A stack is a LIFO (last-in, first-out) data structure such that only the top-most element is accessible and all new elements are pushed onto the top (analogous to a stack of plates). Stacks are advantageous when implementing a back-tracking algorithm but are ultimately useless for anything else. However, this is not a disadvantage. If you're not implementing a back-tracking algorithm then the problem is not the stack itself it is the fact that you are…

### Who invented the modern binary system?

Binary systems appear in many ancient cultures. The earliest is believed to be the I Ching, a Chinese philosophical text that dates back to the 9th century BC. Other early examples of binary systems include the Mangarevan invention of binary steps for arithmetic, Shao Yang's binary arrangement of hexagrams, and Pingala's work on prosody. The modern binary number system was studied by Gottfried Leibniz in 1679. Leibniz published a work in 1703 that describes the…

### What is Decbit algorithm for congestion avoidance?

In congestion avoidance, each router monitor the load it is explicitly notify the end node ,when the congestion is about to occur.This notification is implementing by setting a binary congestion bit in the packets that flow through the router, known as DECbit .The destination host then copies this congestion bit into the ACK it sends back to the source. Finally, source adjust its sending rate so as to avoid the congestion.

### Computers are able to take the words entered on a keyboard and translate them into digital information?

Answer - Each key on the keyboard is assigned a binary equivalent ( ANCII Standands ) when you hit a key on the keyboard the CPU translates it into binary, stores it and then translates it back to decimal to put the corresponding letter on the monitor. Answer Each key on the keyboard is assigned a binary equivalent ( ANCII Standands ) when you hit a key on the keyboard the CPU translates it into…

### What is the answer of binary decimal plus binary?

If you want to add numbers in different bases, in this case decimal and binary, or do any other calculation that involves different bases for that matter, you have to convert all numbers to a single system first - for example, all to decimal. Then you can do the operation. It is really up to you in what base you represent the final answer. In this example, you can convert back to binary, for example.

### How do you add and subtract the binary number system?

You do it exactly like decimal subtraction, and when needed you borrow from the next higher place digit, however remember you borrow 2 everytime and not 10. Some people convert the two binary numbers into decimal, do the subtraction and then convert the result back to binary. Following is an example of binary subtraction. 1001 0110 ____ 0011 ____ I started explaining the borrowing process in words but it gets confusing. Please relate it to…

### What is the computer equivalent 00110111 in decimal?

This is probably a binary number. To convert binary to decimal, assuming you have Windows: Open the Windows Calculator (press Windows-R, then type "calc"). Make sure it is in scientific mode (menu command: View - Scientific). Click in "Bin" to change to binary mode. Type in your binary number. Clicking on "Dec" will go back to decimal mode (and convert the number you typed to decimal). Note that the Windows calculator only handles this type…

### Who came up with the idea of using binary code to store programs for computers?

Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716) refined the binary number system, which is at the foundation of virtually all digital computers. Although the binary computer did not exist in his time, Leibniz philosophized about a computer based on a binary numerical system. In 1679 he wrote, "Despite its length, the binary system, in other words counting with 0 and 1, is scientifically the most fundamental system, and leads to new discoveries. When numbers are reduced to…

### In what way is Sonata form different from other forms?

Sonata form is different to other musical forms such as binary and ternary form, in that it comprises aspects of both. For example, its use of key relationships (e.g. tonic to dominant and back to tonic) is similar to that of binary form, whereas the fact that it is divided into three parts makes it similar to ternary form. Later, the sonata form also developed a coda, which was not present in binary or ternary…

### In binary number system Is 2 used to represent the value 2?

No. The binary number only uses the digits 0 and 1. In decimal, once you reach the maximum digit (9), to add one more you change it back to zero and add one to the digit on the left. In binary it is the same principle; with the main difference that only the digits 0 and 1 are used. Thus, the first numbers in binary (with decimal in parentheses) are: 0 (0) 1 (1) 10…

### Why do you convert hex to binary?

Hex is a convenient method for humans to notate binary numbers. Binary is a base-2 numbering system, but any base that is itself a power of 2 can be used to notate binary numbers using fewer digits. For instance, base-4 has only 4 digits: 0, 1, 2 and 3. Each of these digits can be mapped to any pair of binary digits (bits): 0 = 00 1 = 01 2 = 10 3 = 11…

### What is the algorithm DFS and BFS in graph traversal?

DFS and BFS stands for Depth First Search and Breadth First Search respectively. In DFS algorithm every node is explored in depth; tracking back upon hitting an already visited node and starts visiting from a node which has any adjacent nodes unvisited. In BFS, the nodes are visited level wise. These algorithms are used to traverse the nodes on a connected digraph. Primal

### What causes a repeating decimal in the long division algorithm?

When you divide by a divisor q, the remainders can only be integers that are smaller than q. If the remainder is 0 then the decimal is terminating. Otherwise, it can only take the values 1, 2, 3, ... ,(q-1). So, after at most q-1 different remainders you must have a remainder which has appeared before. That is where the long division algorithm loops back into an earlier pattern = repeating sequence.

### What is The definition of the word modem?

The word modem is a condensation of the two words modulate and demodulate. In the day of dial up, it takes the incoming analog telephone signal and modulates it into digital binary a computer can read. Out going it does the opposite, taking the binary digital computer code back into analog and out over the wire. Of course today, we have cable modems and wireless broadband.

### What do you mean by 8bit?

Bits, go back to when binary code was in function. If you don't know what binary code is... al give you an example. 0100000101000110 ect ect a bit, is described as 1 digit in a binary equation. so if something was 4 bit, it would have 4 digits of binary code. 0100 1000 0010 0001 0101 ect... So if some is described as 8 bit... it basically means that processor has 8 digits in the…

### What is binary data?

Binary data means 0's and 1's. That is, information that can be transmitted across a network and is understood by a computer. It doesn't matter what the 0's and 1's actually represent -- that is a matter for the programs that use the data. In point of fact, all data is binary. However plain-text (ASCII or UNICODE) is regarded as non-binary because it requires no special handling to translate the individual character codes back into…

### How does PCD differ from the straight binary number system?

I assume you mean BCD, Binary Coded Decimal. BCD uses 4 bits to represent one decimal number. The easiest way is to make a table, with decimal, BCD, Hex and straight binary. 1 0000 0001 1 0000 0001 2 0000 0010 2 0000 0010 3 0000 0011 3 0000 0011 ...Skip a bit.... 9 0000 1001 9 0000 1001 10 0001 0000 A 0000 1010 11 0001 0001 B 0000 1011 ...Skipping again.... 15 0001…

### Write a program to convert binary number to decimal number?

First of all we will talk about how binary number are converted back into decimal representation and later we will have program. Here is the formula of this transformation: Binary number: a3a2a1a0 Decimal number a x 23 + a x 22 + a x 21 + a x 20 Example: Binary: 1101 Decimal: 1 x 23 + 1 x 22 + 0 x 21 + 1 x 20 = 8 + 4 + 0 +…

### Algorithm of conversion decimal to hexadecimal?

One of the basic skills a programmer needs is the ability to convert numbers between decimal, hexadecimal, and binary. This article will demonstrate the conversions between each of these bases. Decimal to Hexadecimal Here is an algorithm to convert a decimal integer to hexadecimal: 1) Let X be the decimal integer you wish to convert and let k = 1. 2) Divide X by 16, saving the quotient as Q, and the remainder (in hexadecimal)…

### What does a computer only use binary data for?

The basic construction of computers is the reason why Binary is the core language for them. Underneath all computer languages, a conversion to binary takes place so the computer can actually process the information. Programming in Binary is excessively difficult, so other languages were invented as a mask for it. As for an example as to why we don't program in binary anymore, the word "Hello" in binary is "0100100001000101010011000100110001001111" Computers store data in groupings…