Was Amelia Earhart the first woman to fly a plane?

No, though certainly the best-known aviatrix. The first licensed woman pilot in the United States was Harriet Quimby, who was also a journalist and part-time actress, at the time of her death she was the dramatic editor of a prominent weekly magazine. Harriet"s life dates were l875-l9l2. She was belatedly honored on a U.S. Airmail stamp some years ago. An attractive woman, she looked and may have been partly Italian. She did visit Italy for a magazine thing (Prior to her involvement with aviation). To tell the truth she looked more than a little like Gina in a purple Flight suit.