Was the navy established in Vermont?
the navy was established by George Washington in 1774 in New York
The Department of the Navy was established on 30 April 1798. Note that there was a Navy during the War for Independence, it was established by the Continental Congress on 13 October 1775. That date is observed as the "official" Navy Birthday. That forefather of the Department of the Navy was effectively disbanded at the end of the war. All of the remaining naval ships were sold off and the personnel sent home.
Has any governor of Vermont ever vetoed a bill that would have established a statewide registry of same-sex domestic partnerships in that state?
Yes - when the Civil War began, the U.S. Navy remained in control of the Union (the United States), while the secessionist States (Confederate States of America), established their own Navy. Naturally, there were vessels and men who were a part of the United States before the split, which became a part of the CSA Navy, but the U.S. Navy officially was the Navy of the Union.
Technically 1763 as the New Hampshire grants, led by New Hampshire Governor Benning Wentworth. Then established as the first independent, fully-sovereign nation in the new world as the Vermont Republic in 1777, and finally as the state of Vermont in 1791. So take your pick: 1763, 1777, or 1791. It depends on your personal criteria.