What Internet protocol can be used to browse the Internet?

HTTP and HTTPS are the only "internet protocols" which are used to "browse". (Provided you define "browsing" as "view websites".)

HTTP and HTTPS usually depend on TCP to deliver websites to the visitor. TCP itself uses IP for routing.

IP is the underlying Internet protocol to move information across the network. It handles data as "packets" that a computer can send and receive. The internet protocol connects two computers by routing their respective packages through intermediate computers.
IP cannot make sure that all data is correctly routed. TCP (on top of IP) keeps a list of packages and makes sure that a transfer is complete. HTTP (on top of TCP) contains the actual website.