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What US president proclaimed Thanksgiving a holiday in 1789?


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Answered 2010-11-04 02:33:05

No president made Thanksgiving a national holiday in 1789, Abraham Lincoln did on October 3, 1863.

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President George Washington issued the first official government proclamation of Thanksgiving in 1789. President Abraham Lincoln made it a yearly official national holiday in 1863.


George Washington proclaimed a National Day of Thanksgiving to be November 26th, 1789. It was not an annual holiday however.


George Washington proclaimed Thursday, November 26, 1789 to be a national day of thanksgiving.


George washington, in 1789 declared November 26 a day of thanksgiving


President George Washington proclaimed Thursday, November 26, 1789 to be "a day of public thanksgiving and prayer". He proclaimed a second Thanksgiving Day on Thursday, February 19, 1795. It wasn't until 1863 that President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed the last Thursday of November of every year to be "a day of Thanksgiving". In June 1870 it legally became a paid holiday for federal employees working within the District of Columbia. In 1885 the law was expanded to apply to federal employees nationwide. In 1939 and 1940, in order to help retail businesses by making the Christmas shopping season longer, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaimed Thanksgiving Day to be the third Thursday of November. So many people protested the change in the Thanksgiving tradition that, as a compromise, Congress passed a bill making the fourth Thursday of November Thanksgiving Day. President Roosevelt signed the bill into law on December 26, 1941, and it remains in effect to this day.


George Washington set a proclamation in 1789 for America to celebrate thanksgiving. Later Abraham Lincoln made it a national holiday.


The Continental Congress proclaimed a Thanksgiving holiday (December 18) in 1777, and Washington proclaimed a Thanksgiving day (Nov. 26th) in 1789. Adams did likewise in 1798 and 1799. Jefferson did not proclaim any such holiday, believing it to be an impermissible conflation of church and state. Madison proclaimed holidays in 1814 and 1815. From 1816 to 1863, there was no federal Thanksgiving, but by the end of that period, most states had established the holiday. Thanksgiving was established annually by presidential proclamation (frequently expressed as a "recommendation" by the president) from 1863 until 1941, when Congress established it as a recurring national holiday. Lincoln's proclamation in 1863 is generally regarded as establishing the national holiday, but it really only proclaimed it for that year. It did, however, establish a precedent followed by his successors, including Andrew Johnson (though in 1865, the holiday occurred in December). In the 1930's, FDR attempted to move the date back one week to enlarge the holiday shopping period, but Congress set the date, and firmly established the holiday, in 1941. Presidents continue to proclaim it, though the proclamation is now superfluous.


George Washington [February 22, 1732-December 14, 1799], as the first U.S. President, issued a proclamation on October 3, 1789. By that proclamation, he asked the nation to observe a national day of Thanksgiving. He set the date for November 26th.


The first Thanksgiving was in 1602. George Washington declared that it should be an American holiday in 1789, and Abraham Lincoln signed the holiday into law in 1863.


The first Thanksgiving was in 1602. George Washington designated it an official American holiday in 1789, and Abraham Lincoln signed the holiday into law in 1863.



Thanksgiving was observed annually in the New England area sporadically during the early years under England's rule. However it wasn't until 1789 that the first national Thanksgiving Day was proclaimed by George Washington. And, even after that precedent, this practice was not carried on by succeeding presidents. It is claimed that Thomas Jefferson condemned it during his two terms. In 1863 Abraham Lincoln established a yearly national holiday.


President George Washington proclaimed the first national day of thanksgiving in 1789, but it was president Abraham Lincoln who officially declared the last Thursday in November Thanksgiving, beginning in 1863. It was during the Civil War, and Lincoln's proclamation advised people to make this holiday a special time for family, religion, and community. Much later, President Franklin Roosevelt moved Thanksgiving to the third Thursday of November to create a longer Christmas shopping season. But in 1941, Congress made Thanksgiving fall on the fourth Thursday in November, and it's been that way ever since!


In the middle of the US Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln, prompted by a series of editorials written by Sarah Hale, proclaimed a national Thanksgiving Day, to be celebrated on the final Thursday in November 1863. It has been celebrated anually since. However President George Washington was the first President to issue a Proclamation that declared a National Day of Thanksgiving on October 3, 1789.


October 3, 1789 was the date on which first U.S. President George Washington [February 22, 1732-December 14, 1799] proclaimed a national day of Thanksgiving. He identified that day as November 26th. The holiday continued to be observed, but not on a national level. Its observance tended to be in New England. But the date varied widely, from sometime in October to sometime in January.


Why Thursday? Because President Washington wanted it that way. Back in 1789, President George Washington declared Thursday, November 26, to be a national holiday of Thanksgiving. This was the first official American Thanksgiving to be held as a holiday. Thanksgiving was then held every year on the last Thursday of November. (Before that, different colonies, then states, held thanksgiving when they wanted.) In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared that Thanksgiving would be the second-to-last Thursday of November rather than the last. Why? Because that gave more shopping days between Thanksgiving and Christmas.


As President, on October 3, 1789, George Washington made the proclamation


President George Washington was the first president to proclaim a national day of Thanksgiving, in 1789 and 1795, but each proclamation applied only to that single year. President John Adams did the same thing in 1798 and 1799 and President Madison in 1814 and 1815. After that, individual states, if they wished to, declared their own days of Thanksgiving, until 1863. Author Sarah Josepha Hale had written letters to politicians and editorials for around 40 years trying to make Thanksgiving an official holiday. President Lincoln, influenced by this and by a desire to foster a sense of unity among all the states during the Civil War, proclaimed a national Thanksgiving Day, to be celebrated on the final Thursday in November 1863. Lincoln's successors as president followed his example of annually declaring the final Thursday in November to be Thanksgiving. A small change was made In 1939, when November had five Thursdays. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared the fourth Thursday, rather than the last one, in November as Thanksgiving. hoping that the longer post-Thanksgiving, pre-Christmas gift-buying period would help the economy, still suffering from the Great Depression. None of the presidential declarations of Thanksgiving Day were legally binding; a President is not allowed to make law, just execute those passed by Congress. Therefore, Thanksgiving did not become an official legal holiday until 1941, when Congress passed a resolution requiring that Thanksgiving be observed nationally on the fourth Thursday of November, and President Roosevelt signed it.


The Continental Congress issued the First National Proclamation of Thanksgiving in 1777. George Washington declared Thanksgiving Day as a national holiday in 1789 and again in 1795.John Adams declared Thanksgiving Days in 1789 and 1799.No Thanksgiving proclamations were issued by Thomas Jefferson but James Monroe declared a Thanksgiving Day in 1814 and twice in 1815.There were no more national Thanksgivings until 1863 when Lincoln designated one on the final Thursday of November. All the following Presidents annually declared this date as Thanksgiving day until 1939 when there were five Thursdays in the month and Franklin Roosevelt decided to declare it on the fourth Thursday. In 1940 and 1941 he proclaimed the third Thursday as Thanksgiving. Since a Presidential Proclamation is not legally binding, 23 states celebrated on the third Thursday, 22 celebrated on the fourth, and Texas took both days off!In 1941, Congress passed a joint resolution fixing the traditional last-Thursday date for the holiday beginning in 1942. A Senate amendment to that resolution changed the date to the fourth Thursday. President Roosevelt signed this bill on December 26, 1941, making the date of Thanksgiving a matter of federal law.


Abraham Lincoln [February 12, 1809-April 15, 1865], as the 16th U.S. President, declared a national Day of Thanksgiving in 1863. He made that declaration by way of a Proclamation of October 3rd. That had been the date of the original proclamation by first U.S. President George Washington [February 22, 1732-December 14, 1799] to the same effect, in 1789.


George Washington [February 22, 1732-December 14, 1799] declared Thanksgiving a national holiday. He issued his proclamation on October 3, 1789. He asked that the celebrations be held on November 26th.But Thanksgiving as a national holiday just didn't take off. Its observance required the efforts of two more presidents to become a reality. Abraham Lincoln [February 12, 1809-April 15, 1865] issued a similar proclamation on October 3, 1863. The Lincoln Proclamation was more successful and longer lasting than the Washington Proclamation. But it was 32nd U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt [January 30, 1882-April 12, 1945] who finally succeeded in making Thanksgiving a permanent fixture in the nation's life. Thanksgiving became a federal holiday, with the passage of 55 Stat 862 of December 26, 1941.


George Washington declared Thanksgiving a national holiday in 1789. However, the Continental Congress (president John Hanson) made the first actual national proclamation on March 16, 1776. The following year, a national day of prayer and thanksgiving was observed on December 16, 1777. The date of Thursday, November 26, 1789 was the date used by Washington, following the precedent of Thursday, November 28, 1782. The annual observance was established by Abraham Lincoln in 1863, and observed each year since then.


The first proclamation was issued by George Washington during his first year as President. It sets aside Thursday, November 26 as "A Day of Publick(sic) Thanksgiving and Prayer." Signed by Washington on October 3, 1789 and entitled "General Thanksgiving,"On October 3, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation calling for the observance of the fourth Tuesday of November as a national holiday.In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt moved the holiday to the third Thursday of November (to extend the Christmas shopping season and boost the economy). After a storm of protest, Roosevelt changed the holiday again in 1941 to the fourth Thursday in November, where it stands today.


George Washington declared the first two national thanksgiving days in 1789 and 1795, but it was Abraham Lincoln who made it an annual observance beginning in 1863.


Thanksgiving is an extension of the European custom of celebrating a successful harvest. This was mirrored by several traditions in North America. In Canada, Thanksgiving dates to 1578 when explorer Martin Frobisher celebrated homecoming after a perilous Northwest voyage. The French Canadians celebrated successful harvests, as in 1606 when explorer Samuel Champlain established the Order of Good Cheer. In the US, Thanksgiving can be variously dated from 1621 by the Pilgrims in Plymouth, or harvest feasts of Virginia settlers, or the even earlier Spanish celebrations in their Florida colony. As a US national holiday, Thanksgiving first became an annual tradition in 1863. George Washington had proclaimed Thanksgiving celebrations in 1789 and 1795, John Adams in 1798 and 1799, and James Madison in 1814 after the War of 1812. But the observation lapsed, although it was celebrated in states such as New York. During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a national day of thanksgiving to be celebrated on Thursday, November 26, 1863. Since that time, Presidents have continued to make such proclamations. The establishment of the fourth Thursday in November as the official holiday came in response to a change by President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1939 and 1941, which led to a Congressional act setting the date beginning in 1942.