What advantages did the south have in the Civil war?
The South were mostly working to defend their new country and could do so on their familiar grounds. The North would have to come onto their land to fight. They also had capable generals Albert Johnston, Joseph Johnston, and Robert Lee, who had resigned from the U.S. Army to fight for the Confederacy.
Probably the South had more advantages at the beginning of the Civil War. Perhaps if the South had followed the plan advocated by General Albert Sidney Johnson, the South would have won the Civil War. Such was not to be the case. The war turned into a war of attrition. The North had far greater advantages for winning that type of a war.
Two advantages of the South in the US Civil War: 1. superior leadership 2. fighting to protect their home territory Two advantages of the North in the US Civil War: 1. larger population 2. superior manufacturing and industrial resources The defeat of the South was inevitable in prolonged war. The only way the North could be defeated was through the war weariness of the population.