Answer The Holocaust killed countless Jews started serious racism. Answer Racism against the Jews and others has always existed. The holocaust led to the foundation of the state of Israel so they would have a homeland to be protected in. The existence of Israel has however led directly to the Middle East conflicts of the last 50 years and indirectly is partly responsible for the rise of Islamic fundamentalism. The support of the US for Israel is seen by the Arab world as anti Muslim. Osama Bin Laden issued a fatwa against the US policy towards Israel and the presence of US troops on Saudi soil, this eventually led to 9/11.