World Heritage Sites

What are Brazil's landforms?

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2010-03-11 14:20:07
2010-03-11 14:20:07

Three of Brazil's most famous landforms are the Amazon Rainforest, the Amazon River, and Iguaçu Falls.

Sixty percent of the Amazon Rainforest ['Floresta Amazonia'] is within Brazil's borders. The Amazon Rainforest is the largest and most biologically diverse rainforest in the world.

Most of the Amazon River ['Rio Amazonas'] is in Brazil. The Amazon River has the world's largest drainage basin. Generally it's considered the world's second longest river, after the Nile. But Brazilian scientists dispute this. According to their findings, the Amazon is 65 miles [105 kilometers] longer than the Nile.

Brazil shares Iguaçu Falls ['Cataratas do Iguaçu'] with Argentina. It's one of the world's largest waterfalls. There are 275 falls along 1.67 miles [2.7 kilometers] of the Iguaçu River. The height of the longest drop is 269 feet [82 meters] at the Devil's Throat ['Garganta do Diablo'].

The Devil's Throat marks the border between Argentina and Brazil. Many rare and endangered species, such as the giant anteater and the giant otter, are found there. It has been a Natural World Heritage Site since 1986.

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