Before South Africa became a republic in 1961, it was known as the Union of South Africa. In what year was this union founded?
1910. South Africa gained partial indepence from Great Britain in 1934, but power was only granted to the whites. This led to apartheid.
What is the definition of apartheid?
a system or practice that separates people according to race or color. The deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group is called genocide.
The whites in South Africa during apartheid were a minority group.
t. There were way more whites than blacks, but later more than 80% of the land in South Africa was set aside for this minority.
Which of these classified the people as Bantu, Colored, White, or Asian?
The Population Registration Act. The whites were a minority group, but they were in charge. Much of the land was set aside for them later.
More than 80% of South Africa's land was set aside for the whites.
t. This doesn't make sense to me, because there were so many people of other descent, and not many whites. The other 20% were homelands set aside for other ethnicities.
Which of these gave South Africa separate sections for each ethnicity?
The Group Areas Act. Other races were forbidden to live, work, or own land in a different ethnic group's area.
Which of these established ten self-governing territories for different black ethnic groups?
The Bantu Homelands Citizenship Act. These territories were called "homelands". All black South Africans, regardless of where they lived, were made citizens of the homelands, and they weren't allowed to take part in the governing of South Africa.
According to which of these, all non-whites had to carry a pass that proved their permission to be in white areas?
The Pass Law. These racist beliefs were law, and any criticisms of these laws were suppressed.
Who was Nelson Mandela?
South Africa's first black president. Nelson Mandela believed in democracy, equality, and learning for all South Africans, so he led the African National Congress, a black liberation group that opposed the South African government and the apartheid. These actions put him in prison, and almost thirty years later he was released and became a national celebrity.
F. W. de Klerk was the first black president of South Africa.
f. Mr. Mandela and F. W. Klerk (S. Africa's last white president) succeeded in combining their efforts to end the apartheid and switch to a peaceful non-racial democracy in South Africa. He changed much of the public's view on racism, and White South Africa backed down to let world pressure and internal violence take charge in 1990 by getting rid of most of the apartheid laws.