What are fats broken down to?
Fats are broken down to make energy or used to make glucose through the process of gluconeogenesis. Fats are essential part of a diet to help regulate body temperature, help the body to absorb fat soluble vitamins and aid in hormone production.
Explain the results of the chemical digestion of carbohydrates proteins and fats and discuss if this digestion occurs in the mouth stomach andor small intestines?
Carbohydrates begin digestion in the mouth with the help of the enzyme salivary amylase this process continues in the duodenum with the help of the enzyme amylase and it finishes off in the illeum still using amylase. Carbohydrates are broken down into polysaccharides which are chains of sugar and are then broken down into monosaccharides which are simple sugars. monosaccharides are the final break own product for carbohydrates. Proteins are digested in the stomach using…
Carbohydrates and fats are broken down in the digestive tract into the simple sugars, glucose, fructose, and galactose. The latter two can be converted by the body into glucose, which is distributed throughout the body via the bloodstream and is broken down into Carbon Dioxide and water in the mitochondria of cells. Proteins are broken down into their constituent amino acids, which are used to assemble new proteins throughout the body.
Fats, proteins and starches are broken down. Starch is broken down by amalyase in the mouth and duodenum Proteins are converted to polypeptides by pepsin Lipase hydolises fats to glycerol and fatty acids Trypsin digests proteins to peptides chymotrypsin digests proteins to peptides Peptidase hydolises polypeptides to peptides and amino acids nucleotidases hydrolise nucleic acids nucleaase digests DNA and RNA sucrase breaks down sucrose maltase breaks down maltose lactase breaks down lactose
Fats are broken down from larger glycerol and triglyceride molecules throughout the digestive tract, eventually becoming chylomicrons that are excocytized through the duodenum of the small intestine and carried by lymphatic vessels to the blood vessels and ending in either fatty deposits in the blood or more likely being broken down further for energy or storage by the liver.
Food is broken down in a process called respiration. Enzymes are usually involved in the breakdown of food. Proteins are broken to amino-acids by protease, Carbohydrates broken down to simple sugars e.g fructose and glucose and Lipids (fats & oils) are broken down to fatty acids and glycerol by Lipase. Once they are broken down, they are taken to the cells where they're respired to produce Energy, Metabolic water and carbon-dioxide.