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What are keratinocytes?

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2010-06-02 03:00:14
2010-06-02 03:00:14

Keratinocytes are the epidermal cells of the skin.

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Keratinocytes are predominant in the epidermal layer of the skin.


because those are the keratinocytes that are about the be shed... not really any other reason


No, keratinocytesdoes not produce pigments.. they receive it from melanocyteswho produces it.. this pigment it's called melanine.Instead, keratinocytesproduce keratin.


Melanin in keratinocytes protects your dermis and epidermis from UV radiation in sunlight.


keratinocytes are the most abundant cells of the epidermis. They protect the immune system by not allowing bacteria to enter.


A keratinocyte is the predominant cell type in the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin, constituting 90% of the cells found there. Those keratinocytes found in the basal layer (stratum basale) of the skin are sometimes referred to as "basal cells" or "basal keratinocytes.




Keratin is a waterproofing protein. Keratin is produced by keratinocytes. Keratinocytes are in the epidermis This is what makes us waterproof and keeps us from absorbing water.


Accumulate the melanin granules on their superficial portion, forming a pigment that protects DNA from UV radiation


The most cells in the epidermis are keratinocytes.


As far as I know they are in the epidermis, so no.


The human epidermis is composed of four cell types which are keratinocytes, melanocytes, Langerhans cells, and the Merkels cells.Constituting 95% of the epidermis is the Keratinocytes,making it the major constituent.


cell division to produce new keratinocytes.


Mitochondria not found in RBC,Terminal keratinocytes.


keratinocytes, and phagocytic cells


The most abundant cells in the epidermis are keratinocytes.


- A cell of the statum basale of the epidermis that synthesizes melanin and transfers it to the keratinocytes.- Any of the dendritic clear cells of the epidermis that synthesize tyrosinase and, within their melanosomes, the pigment melanin; the melanosomes are then transferred from melanocytes to keratinocytes.


Stem Cells, Keratinocytes, Melanocytes, Tactile Cells, and Dendtritic Cells


Injection of secretory granules into neighboring cells Such as melanocytes injecting melanosomes to neighboring keratinocytes


they produce a fibrous protein that gives the skin its protective properties.


They produce a fibrous protein that gives the skin much of its protective properties.


Keratinocytes or squamous cells produce keratin and Melanocytes produce melanin, pigment.


Answer taken from the article:Costin & Hearing (2007). Human skin pigmentation: Melanocytes modulate skin color in response to stress. The Faseb Journal, 21(4), 976-994."Melanin biosynthesis is a complex pathway that appears in highly specialized cells, called melanocytes, within membrane-bound organelles referred to as melanosomes. Melanosomes are transferred via dendrites to surrounding keratinocytes, where they play a critical role in photoprotection. The anatomical relationship between keratinocytes and melanocytes is known as 'the epidermal melanin unit' and it has been estimated that each melanocyte is in contact with ∼40 keratinocytes in the basal and suprabasal layers."Translated: Melanocytes produce melanin in nice little packages called, melanosomes. These melanosomes are then transferred to neighboring keratinocytes (i.e., the hair follicle) through dendrites. This is how the hair follicle gets its color, even though the actual hair follicle doesn't produce melanin itself.



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