What are primary effects?
Primary effects are those consequences that directly happen because of a stimulus. For example, melting of plastic is a primary effect of heating.
We can divide the effects of an earthquake into those known as the primary effects and those known as the secondary effects. Primary effects of an earthquake are those resulting directly from the earthquake itself. These include; buildings collapsing; roads cracking; bridges giving way; shattering of glass and injuries / deaths resulting from these. Secondary effects are those that result from the primary effects. For example ground shaking may result in the cracking of gas…
Indonesia242,347Sri Lanka30,957India16,389Thailand5,393Somalia298Maldives82Malaysia68Mynamar61Tanzania10Bangladesh2Kenya1Total295,608 This is the amount of deaths, the death toll is a primary effect. other primary effects are: · destruction of homes, · destruction of buildings · loss of food · loss of clean water · death toll of around 295, 608 · injury I cant find anything on secondary effects though, sorry :)
The immediate effects of any earthquake are called primary effects. Primary effects include include immediate damage such as the collapse of buildings, bridges and other structures, and roads as a result of the seismic waves shaking the Earth's crust. Because of the stress on the Earth's crust, another immediate effect can be ground deformation, either temporary (Transient) or lasting (Permanent).
Over 200,000 buildings collapsed, killing 5,000 and making 300,000 homeless also many buildings sunk into the ground due to liquefaction. Also the Hanshin Expressway was virtually destroyed severing most transportation routes in the Kansai region of Japan. All of the above are secondary effects of the Kobe disaster. Primary effects are : Landmovement and Liquefaction.
earthquake shave primary violent impacts followed by long-lasting secondary impacts. in sparely populated areas, large earthquakes might not cause many casualties. in big cities, even relatively small earthquakes could kill thousands of people. while the primary effects are dangerous and deadly, the secondary effects, especially if help is not available or adequate can be much worse. Though thousands died in the earthquake in Haiti in early 2010, the longer lasting effects are proving just as…