What are solute particles to the solvent particles?
The particles in the solid (solute) break apart and form links with the particles in the liquid (solvent). There are strong forces of attraction between the molecules and particles inside the solute. These forces keep the particles together and make the solute a solid because they attract the solute particles tightly together. There are also strong forces of attraction between the molecules and particles inside the solvent. These forces keep the particles together and make…
The amount of energy required to break the attractions among the solute particles and among the solvent particles is?
For the solute to be soluble the solvent must first break the existing bonds between the solute. Increasing heat energy breaks more of the existing bonds of the solute which allows the solvent to make more new bonds with the solute particles. This leads greater solubility of the solute in the solvent. (I don't think this applies if gas is the solute and solvent)
In a solution, the particles are dissolved into a substance and spread evenly throughout. The particle that dissolves in something is called a solute. The "something" that the solute is dissolved into is called the solvent. For example, in salt water, the salt is the solute while the water is the solvent.
When a solid is dissolved in a liquid, the liquid is said to be the solvent and the solid is to be the solute. The liquid that you get after dissolving the solid into the liquid is called the solution. When a solute dissolves, the solvent particles attract the particles of the solute away which breaks the cluster of particles apart. After dissolving enough amount that the solvent cannot dissolve more, the solution is said…
What effect will the addition of a solute to the solvent have on the ability of the solvent molecules to escape from the surface of the solution?
The temperature: Increasing temperature makes the particles move faster. Heat energy is transferred by the movement of the particles. Because the solvent particles are moving faster, they bump into the solute. Stirring: Moves all the particles around do the solvent particles bump into the solute particles.
What is required to break the attraction among the solute particles and the solvent particles in an exothermic reaction?
To break the attractions among the solute and solvent particles in an exothermic reaction, heat is required. An exothermic reaction releases heat as the products are made. By definition, heat is the main factor for the reactants being broken up and formed differently. This concept applies to a solute and solvent solution.