The Executives draft the bills. Members of the public have their say by making submissions. The Parliament makes the laws, then vote on them.
Laws are bills in Congress before they are passed and become law.
Proposed laws are called bills. If a bill is passed, it may become a law, depending on the action taken by the President.
The Government, the Opposition and 'private members', although normally only government bills get passed.
Only Congress can pass bills into law. However, the President can propose laws and work with Congress to get them passed..
No, they sign bills into law and enforce the laws that exist. They do direct where and what laws will be passed, but the State's congress can prevent whatever they consider to be against the "will of the people" from being submitted to the Governor.
State policy can be defined as the rules that govern a state. This includes the laws and bills that have been passed by the legislative.
The court does nothing in this case. The job of the court is to review laws that have been passed by Congress. It has no say about bills that are defeated by a veto or other fail to be passed.
The President does not have the power to "repeal" any laws on his own. The only way a law can be repealed is through the same process that any law is made: a bill repealing the law would have to be passed by both houses of Congress and then signed by the President.
Congress passes all "bills" in which the bills then go to the president to be signed by him. The bills that get singed are now laws. The president can however do legislation without the legislative branch by passing "executive orders".
Yes, he can veto laws passed in Congress, but then Congress can vote again, and if they get a sufficient number of votes, can override the president's veto.