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What are some differences between a democracy and a monarchy?


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March 27, 2016 6:15PM

Monarchy means government by one. Democracy means government by the people.

The definition of a monarchy is, "A form of government in which supreme authority is vested in a single and usually hereditary figure, such as a king, and whose powers can vary from those of an absolute despot to those of a figurehead." The monarch can be a king, queen prince or princess or a duke, depending on the forms originally chosen

A monarchy should be distinguished from a dictatorship, where the authority is not hereditary and supreme authority is always in the hands of one person or a small group with absolute power.

The definition of a democracy is, "A form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system."

It's not possible to strictly distinguish between a monarchy and a democracy in modern times, as most monarchies in the 21st Century are in democratic countries.

For example, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark and the Commonwealth Realms (Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, etc.) all are monarchies. However, all executive power is held (either de facto or in law) by democratically elected parliamentary governments.