What are some important US Supreme Court cases from the 1900s?
An important US Supreme Court case from the 1900's was Lonewolf versus Hitchcock in 1903. Another Supreme Court case was Lisenba versus People of the state of California in 1941. Boynton versus Virginia in 1960 was another Supreme Court case.
The Supreme Court takes substantially all of its cases on appeal. Parties displeased with the ruling in their cases may request a writ of certiorari praying that the Supreme Court hear their case. The Supreme Court reviews the requests and chooses which cases to hear. Typically, the only cases granted certiorari are those that implicate important and contested questions of Constitutional significance or public policy.
The Supreme Court hears very important cases that result in a interpretation of our Constitution and depending how a justice views the constitution the laws he/she makes decisions about can change the law in the United States. The Supreme Court hears cases that affect all of us in many ways, so the appointment is very important on how the court will react to future cases it hears. Since a justice sits for life they can…
What type of people are tried by the US Supreme Court and how does the Supreme Court accept such cases?
This was the first sitting Supreme Court of the USA. Every decision made by that court established the original precedent for all subsequent cases in the USA. Perhaps the most important was Marbury vs Madison where the precedent was established for the Supreme Court to review laws for "Constitutionality".
The Supreme Court decides cases that are appealed by a lower court; a lower court has made a decision and one of the parties feels strongly enough that the decision was wrong that they make an appeal to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court reviews the cases and determines which ones they will hear, they have the ability to decline to review a case. The Supreme Court doesn't hear only appeals, there are situations where…
Does the US Supreme Court hear all cases appealed to them as long as those cases involve an important constitutional issue?
No. The US Supreme Court receives approximately 8,000 petitions for writ of certiorari (cases asking for appeal) each year, and can not possibly hear all of them. The Court chooses approximately 75-85 of the cases they consider most important; the remainder are denied certiorari (denied an appeal), so the decision of the last court to hear the case stands (is final).
Easy cases are almost always resolved correctly by lower courts. If there doesn't appear to be a possibility of the lower court having made an error, the Supreme Court will decline to hear the case. Also, the Supreme Court has far too little time to hear every case sent to it, so it will tend to turn down cases that don't deal with important and difficult Constitutional issues.