Asked in ChristianityIslamJudaism
What are some similarities and differences between Judaism Christianity and Islam?
October 09, 2015 1:28AM
C = Christianity, J = Judaism, and I = Islam:
Book: Bible (Christians), Tanach (Judaism), Q'uran (Islam)
Place of worship: Church (C), Synagogue (J), Mosque (I)
Deity: God the Father, God the Son, God the Holy spirit (C), HaShem(J), Allah (I)
Important People: Jesus Christ (C), Moses, Priest, Abraham, the major prophets (J), Muhammed & all the prophets (I).
Day of worship: Sunday (C), Everday (Saturday is the Sabbath) (J), Everyday (Friday; special day) (I).
Service by: Minister, Pastor, or Reverend (C), Rabbi (J), Imam (I).
Religious expectations: Pray, help each other, go to church (C), Pray 3x's a day, work to improve the world(J), Pray 5 times a day, give to the poor, Fast, pilgrimage to Mecca (I).
Salvation: Through Jesus Christ (C), N/A (J), Good works & belief (I).
They all come from Abraham and his sons Ishmael and Isaac.
Here are some of the key differences between Jewish and Christian beliefs:
Judaism: is lineage-based, and is a tribal faith. You are Jewish if your mother is Jewish - or you convert to Judaism, when you are then 'adopted' by the Jewish people.
Christianity is a belief based religion. If a person affirms belief in and worship of Jesus, and the other core Christian beliefs of their particular Christian group, they are welcomed as a member.
Judaism says that no human can ever die for the sins of others
Christianity says that Jesus died for the sins of mankind
Judaism says that all humans are born pure, and innocent
Christianity says that all humans are born with 'original sin'.
Judaism says that no man gets a 'second coming'
Christianity says that Jesus will have a 'second coming'
Judaism says that every human should speak directly to G-d
Christianity - Jesus claims in the 'new testament' that the 'only way' to the Father is via him
Judaism says G-d is one, indivisible, cannot be separated into three aspects/incarnations
Christianity speaks of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit - who are one
Judaism says that we are all equally G-d's children
Christianity says that Jesus is 'God's son' above all others
Judaism has no concept of 'hell'
Christianity - Most Christians say that non believers go to 'hell'
Judaism has no 'devil', the Jewish 'satan' is just an ordinary angel, under G-d's control
Christianity describes 'satan' as a devil and 'fallen' angel
Judaism - the 'messiah' will be a normal, mortal man who must fulfill all the Jewish messianic prophecies in one normal, mortal lifetime
Christianity - Jesus was the 'messiah' and will fulfill the prophecies when he returns
Judaism says that the righteous of all faiths will reach 'gan eden' or 'garden of eden'.
Christianity - Most Christians insist that only those who 'know Christ' can reach heaven
Judaism forbids Jews from trying to convert anyone to Judaism
Christianity believes in actively 'witnessing' and encouraging people to convert to Christianity
All these religions have a holy book. Judaism has the Torah, Christianity has the Bible (combination of the Torah(Old Testament) and gospels) and Islam has the Qu'ran (Torah, gospels and revelations to Mohammed combined). The Torah is an account of the important events in the history of Judaism usually with references to the interventions of God and the laying down of teachings.
The Gospels are an account of the life of Jesus of Nazareth who is considered the God and messiah by Christians but as only a prophet by the other two. The revelations to Mohammed are believed by Muslims to be the actual, exact words spoken to Mohammed by God.
Christianity can be considered a sub-group of Judaism. It is essentially the same religion but with a much higher emphasis on the life of Jesus. The main differences stem from the teachings of Jesus, importantly the establishment of a New Covenant which means that the old Jewish laws no longer apply (eg: there are no Christian dietary laws).
Islam considers the Bible and Torah to be genuine revelations from God however it emphasizes that these texts have been altered over the centuries and are therefore highly imperfect. To remedy this they believe that God sent one final revelation to Mohammed which was written down very soon and unchanged since his time.
These religions all have their roots in a much older Proto-Jewish religion. They all believe in one God and have even agreed amongst themselves that it is the same God.
Each of these 3 is really an umbrella group uniting all the individual sects of the various religions. To list all the similarities and differences of each sect would be a major task (differences between Sunni Islam an Anglican Christianity, similarities between Lutheran Christianity and Messianic Judaism) there are just too many.
Similarities-- same God; the prophets of the Hebrew Scriptures are recognized--Christians believe that Jesus is the Messiah. Muslims believe that Mohammed is the most important prophet. The Jews and the Christians both recognize the Hebrew Scriptures. The Christians also have the Greek Scriptures. The Muslims use the Koran as their main religious book. Jews have other writings as well such as the Talmud and the Zohar.
They all have a similar ethical system--helping the poor, the importance of universal justice, fearing God.
Christianity- many types, many different types of versions of bible. some believe Jesus is god, some believe Jesus is god.
Islam- 1 god Allah, Muslims have one Qur'an, believe Jesus as a prophet, also believe in Abraham, Moses, Jacob, Noah etc but as prophets.
All three religions are monotheistic and were derived in the middle east.
All 3 religions preach tolerance and love and basically to be a good person.
1. Judaism is based on national revelation, not a single prophet.
Christianity is based on the revelation of God through Jesus
Islam is based on the revelation of God through Mohammad.
2. Both Christianity and Islam are single truth religions, these religions teach that they are the only path to God.
Judaism is pluralistic meaning that Judaism teaches there are different paths for different people, Judaism happens to be the path to God for Jews.
3. Christianity and Islam both have the devil. hell, and eternal damnation, Judaism does not accept any of these concepts.
4. Christianity requires intermediaries between man and God, Judaism and Islam do not require intermediaries, God hears the prayers of man directly.
5. Judaism and Islam do not allow an icons (statues or pictures of man or attempts to give God a physical form) in places of worship in religious practice of any kind while many Christian denomination does incorporate such items in its worship.
6. Some denominations of Christianity are Trinitarian. Both Judaism and Islam consider the Trinity concept to not be true monotheism.
Judaism and Christianity are from God. Islam is from a false prophet.