In the opinion of the Muslim Prophet Muhammad is the last prophet to mankind, to both Sunnis and Shiites.AnswerThe Islamic religion was started by God's revelation ofthe Quran to the prophet Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel (Jibril) in the seventh century. In 622, Prophet Muhammad founded the first Islamic state, a theocracy in Medina, a city in western Saudi Arabia located north of Mecca.
The two Islamic groups are Sunnis and Shiites. The two groups are the same in the basic Islamic beliefs and faith. They only differ in some detailed side issues including the way of selection of the successors (Caliphs) who rule the Islamic State after the death of the prophet Muhammad.
The largest group, called the Sunnis, believe that the first four caliphs--Muhammad's successors--rightfully took his place (through election) as the leaders of Islam.
The smaller of the major groups are the Shiites. There are a number of subdivisions under the 'umbrella' of 'Shi'a' and although they differ in details all of them believe that only the heirs of the fourth caliph, Ali, are the legitimate successors of Muhammad. They believe that the Caliphs should be of the descendants of the prophet. Accordingly, Aly should have been the first caliph after the prophet Muhammad's death.
The Shi'ites call these successors Imams. Shi'ites do not accept that the Imam is to be only a political leader but they believe that they are literally 'manifestations of God', they are sinless, infallible and the bringers of true understanding to all humanity. They are referred to within the Shi'ite tradition as being masum, that is, free from error or sin. The last Imam, the Mahdi, is believed not to have died but to be in hiding and Shi'ites believe that he will appear at the end of time in order to bring about the victory of the Shi'a faith (see third paragraph below).
The main groups under the Shi'ite umbrella are the Zaydiyyah or Fivers, the Isma'iliyyah or Seveners and the Imamiyyah or Twelvers. The numbers five, seven and twelve refer to the last authorised interpreter of the law or Imam that each group accepts. Of the three the Twelvers are the biggest & it was in 931 that the Twelfth Imam disappeared.
This was a seminal event in the history of these Shi'ite Muslims. According to R. Scott Appleby, a professor of history at the University of Notre Dame, "Shi'ite Muslims, who are concentrated in Iran, Iraq, and Lebanon, [believe they] had suffered the loss of divinely guided political leadership" at the time of the Imam's disappearance. Not "until the ascendancy of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in 1978" did they believe that they had once again begun to live under the authority of a legitimate religious figure.
The following Answer is Disputed
Islam has more than two major branches, the major branches that can be more easily found are the Tablighs, the Sunnis and the Shia. There are key differences between these "branches" which would take a lot of details to describe, however, to put it in as short an answer as possible, here si a view of their beliefs for lack of a better word.
[Hint: Tabligh is not a branch of Muslims. it is an Arabic word that means "informing". Every Muslim, Sunni or Shiite, is required to understand his religion and to perform "Tabligh" to the relevant people. However, this task is no longer relevant. Nowadays, there are a wide variety of means of "Tabligh" or informing such as education institutions, mosques, media, etc. The other point is that Prophet Muhammad never believed in, by any Muslim, as doing the work of God. The prophet is believed in as conveying the commands of God and God Quran revelations to him.]
Sunni: This "branch" has the same belief system as the tablighs, but they differ in one aspect, that being that they believe the prophet (S.A.W.) was more than a man, to the extent that some of them believe he actually has the power to be in different places at the same time. The argument of this belief is for a different time and place.
[Hint: No Muslim, of Sunni or Shiite, believes that Prophet Muhammad was more than human but they all believe that he was supported by God & selected as a prophet to receive the revelation of the Qur'an. The Sunnis are the Muslims who agree on the way the Caliphs were elected and are followers of Qur'an teachings and Prophet Muhammad sayings and practices. ]
[Hint: Apart from what they believe in Imam Mahdi, the Shiites differ from the Sunnis only in the way of the Caliph were elected. Although they supported the first Caliphs as elected, after Muhammad's death, they believed that they should be from the prophet's family & descendants. ]
They are more alike than different. They worship same God. Believe in same prophet and same Quran. Perform the same five Islam pillars. They go to same place for pilgrimage. They can do the ritual worship of praying together behind the same Imam irrelevant he is Sunni or Shia. They differ in minor issues that are not violating basic Islam fundamentals and principles. Refer to question below.
Shiats say that Imam must be appointed by God; that appointment may be known through the declaration of the Prophet or the preceding Imam. The Sunni scholars say that Imam (or Caliph, as they prefer to say) can be either elected, or nominated by the preceding Caliph, or selected by a committee, or may gain the power through a military coup (as was in the case of Muawiyah).
Shi'a scholars say that Imam must be sinless. The Sunni scholars (including Mutazilites) say that sinlessness is not a condition for leadership. Even if he is tyrant and sunk in sins (like in the case of Yazid, or Today's King Fahd), the majority of the scholars from the shools of Hanbali, Shafi'i, and Maliki discourage people to rise against that Caliph. They think that they should be presevered.
Shiats say that Imam must possess above all such qualities as knowledge, bravery, justice, wisdom, piety, love of God etc. The Sunni scholars say it is not necessary. A person inferior in these qualities may be elected in preference to a person having all these qualities of superior degree.
Shiats say that 'Ali was appointed by Allah to be the successor of the Prophet, and that the Prophet declared it on several occasions. More than one hundred of those occasions are recorded in the history. The Sunni scholars believe that the Prophet did not appoint anybody to be his successor. This is despite the fact that there are many traditions in the six authentic Sunni collections which support this assignment.
Typically, you use words and occasionally, you add punctuation. If you are looking for a discussion on the differences between Sunni and Shiite Islam, please see the Related Question below.
An Islam spread and gained followers, Muslim invaders threatened the Byzantines
Sunni and shiite of Islam are the protestant and catholic of Christianity. Also, protestants and catholics have much more differences than do sunnis to shiites.
Islam.Sunni and Shiite are two factions of Islam.
Sunni islam, shiite islam, and sufi islam are quite violent at times. Kurdish islam is less violent.
There are several different sects in Islam that branched off for different reasons. Please see the Related Questions below for a discussion of the differences between most sects of Islam and an in-depth discussion of the difference between the Sunni and Shiite Sects of Islam.
They are the two main branches of Islam. The split between Sunni and shiite Islam occurred very early in Islam's history, in the 7th century AD. It had very little to do with any differences in Muslim belief (although there are a few, mostly minor differences), but everything with the question whether the rightful successor to the prophet Muhammed was his father-in-law Abu Bakr or his son-in-law Ali. Sunni Muslims think is was Abu Bakr, Shia Muslims are followers of Ali ('shia' even means "followers"). In the past, Sunni and Shiite Muslims mostly managed to co-exist peacefully and even intermarried. Today the differences between these two Muslim branches have become intermingled with the struggle for political supremacy in the Middle East between Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shiite Iran.
Official religion of Iran is Shiite Islam, specifically Twelver Shiite Islam with the Jaafari School of Fiqh (jurisprudence).
the battle of Karbala had a great effect on spread of shiite Islam and caused Muslims specially in understand there is two main version of Islam, Islam of Yazid and Islam of Hussain S.A.
No. Shiite Islam is another sect with as much legitimacy as Sunni Islam. There just happen to be fewer Shiite Muslims. The initial separation was over political successorship to Mohammed, but over time smaller differences developed as the two theological communities remained separate. However, these differences do not compromise the core teachings of Islam that Sunnis, Shiites, Ibadis, and Kharijites share. Addtionally, please see the Related Link below.
In Sunni Islam, marriages can be irregular or they can be void. In Shia Islam, marriages cannot be "irregular" and can therefore either be valid or invalid. Guardians in Shia Islam are only the father and grandfather, but in Sunni Islam, it is the mother, brother, father, etc. In Sunni Islam, marriages cannot have restricted lengths, but in Shia Islam, there is such thing as a temporary marriage.
SHIITE ISLAM is the second-largest branch of Islam.
the Sunni and Shiite Are two sects of Islam religion.
Ismail I led the change in Iran from a majority Sunni to a majority Shiite region. Ismail I (the first Safavid) adopted Twelver Shiite Islam and began to persecute the Sunnis in Iran. This reduced their community to a small minority in the Persian heartland. He destroyed numerous Sunni mosques and grave sites as well as mandating curses against the first three Rightly-Guided Caliphs. He also imprisoned and killed large populations of Sunnis for their beliefs and compelled conversion to Shiite Islam through violence. The Safavids also spread this form of Sunni oppression through conquest Azerbaijan and of southern Iraq and imposing conversion to Shiite Islam there as well. He also fought several wars against neighboring Sunnis in Samarqand to the North and the Ottomans to the West. Among versions of Shiite Islam, Ismail I's choice of Twelver Shiite Islam over Zaydi (Fiver) or Ismaili (Sevener) Shiite Islam led to the supremacy of Twelver Shiite Islam as the dominant version and understanding of Shiite Islam. Additionally, as the largest Shiite majority country, Persia became the center of Shiite Islam, replacing Egypt which had been the former center of Shiite Islam.
They are both Monotheistic.
They are both Monotheistic.
Sunni and Shiite Islam are the two largest branches of Islam.
Yes. There are similarities between these two religions. To read about them, please see the Related Question below.
the similarities are they both get cleaned and their sins get washed away .
On basic difference between Sunni and Shiite Islam is the Imamate, where Shiites believe that there were successors to Mohammed who had Divine Authority (the Infallible Imams) whereas Sunnis do not believe that such persons were Divinely Guided or relevant to developing Islam. Please see the Related Links below for more information.
To Be Honest, Dont Have A Clue. Sorry, NEED SOME DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITES BEWTEEN ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY? [-Please help. :) ]
No. The official religion of the Safavid Empire was Shiite Islam. They were also quite zealous rulers, forcibly converting many to Shiite Islam.