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**Edit to this person's response: "Both religions did not engage in proselytizing" is wrong. Buddhism was a proselytizing religion. Ashoka (Chandragupta's son) spread Buddhism throughout Burma, Syria, and Egypt by means of missionaries.

Similarities:

  • They both don't stress the afterlife.
  • They both don't allow being mean to others.
  • As far as doctrine there is agreement that being "good" is better than being "bad"
  • Some schools of thought within Judaism subscribe to reincarnation, which is also a belief of Buddhism. However this is not an actual religious doctrine of Judaism, and is not mentioned anywhere in the Talmud.
  • Both religions do not engage in proselytizing.

But most other issues differ:

Judaism:

  • Is a deity based religion.
  • Uses Jewish cultural references.
  • There is a defined start to creation and mankind (though most Jews today believe in evolution and the Big Bang Theory).
  • Jews do not believe that desire causes suffering. Jews strive for a balance.
  • There is a code of ethics to follow (some follow it strictly).
  • Does not place emphasis on the afterlife.

Buddhism:

  • Has no deity.
  • Has no creation narrative.
  • Uses Indian cultural references.
  • Has no set of right and wrong behaviors - just suggestions.
  • Enlightenment is achieved by individual effort.
  • Believes in reincarnation.
  • Has no heaven, just a state of existence without self, called Nirvana.

Answer 2

All religions are alike because they all believe in some type of god; but Buddhism and Judaism are not alike. They are, in fact, the most opposite. Buddhism is more spiritual, you could say, and Judaism deals more with everyday life.

Answer 3

These two religions are so apart that it is hard to say that there is any similarity between the two. Judaism is Monotheistic, Buddhism is not. Judaism believes that God revealed himself to mankind so that mankind will be able to correct the world. Buddhism believes Buddha (who was human) revealed the way to escape from the suffering of this world. Maybe one shared thing to the two religions is the key belief in treating other people well (though for different reasons).

Answer 4

Buddhism and Judaism share a few general ideas, but are fundamentally different religions and hold beliefs that run counter to one another. The few similarities that exist include:

Schools and Academies of Study: Both Buddhism and Judaism are complex disciplines with very precise and lengthy requirements for practice. As a result, Buddhist and Jewish scholars have places of teaching and train their disciples for years to understand the very complex knowledge of the religious life.

Spirituality over Materialism: Buddhism and Judaism are both deeply anti-materialistic, holding that Truth is discoverable only when seeing the world in its spiritual essence. The Buddhist achieves this through asceticism while the Jew achieves it through separation, but the intent is similar.

Valuing the Weak: Buddhism and Judaism hold that the elderly, the sick, and children are very valuable even though their material or physical contribution to society may not be very high. The wisdom of the elderly is to be prized, the sick are to be helped and sympathized with, and the innocence of children is valued.

Human Fraternity: Both religions believe that people should be kind to one another and love each other (within reason). The core teachings of both faiths are to be peaceful and good-willed. Political situations such as those in Tibet and Israel make these teachings more difficult to follow.

This World Matters: Buddhism and Judaism do have an afterlife. But contrary to faiths which focus heavily on the afterlife, Buddhists and Jews do not see it as central to their teachings. In Buddhism and Judaism, a person performs righteously in this life solely because they live and for no other reason.

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Q: What are some similarities between Judaism and Buddhism?
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