What are the Prophets in the New Testament?
As the primary definition of a Prophet is one who is chosen by God and given divine messages for the people of God. As such, many would say Jesus was the Last of the Prophets.
However, the term is used many times in the New Testament speaking of the 'newer' role associated with prophets. As the written word was not readily available for the growing Church, God and the Apostles used certain men to be proclaimers of God's revelation (see Acts 13, 1 Corinthians 14, Ephesians 2 and 4). These 'prophets' filled a gap that existed in the early Church while 'Teachers' explained the meaning of the revelation, helping people apply it to their lives. One could say the prophets of the early Church were the 'preachers' or ones that communicated revelation directly from the now freely available 'Holy Spirit' of God and Christ.
After Jesus, prophets became the foundation of the Church and a building only needs a single foundation. This in no way prevents God from giving a divine message to someone for somebody else. But this is not a role of a prophet.
Further, if God chose to speak through someone today, that person would speak 100% the same as the message in written form - The Bible. Jude was inspired to tell us:
3 Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints.
We are forewarned not to believe every 'spirit' as there are many false prophets (1 John 4:1). Further, if we find something wrong, we should discard it immediately. But we are not to despise prophecy:
20 Do not despise prophecies
When and if you hear something that fully agrees with Scripture but do not understand it, pray for help to be able to:
5 If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all liberally and without reproach, and it will be given to him.
Are there any connections between Jesus teachings and the teachings of the Hebrew prophets of the old testament?
The old testament prophets fortold the birth of Jesus, where and when He would be born and His Salvific mission. New testament prophecy was fulfilled by the birth, life and death and resurrection of the true Messiah, Jesus. The final prophecy of the New testament is the Apocalypse taking us to the present day.
The inspired scriptures (the Old Testament) were divided into three classifications - the law of Moses, the prophets, other holy writ. e.g. Luke 24:27 "And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself." The same way the Jewish scriptures are classified unto this day, the TaNaCh is a Hebrew acronym for Torah, Navi'im, Chtuvim or the law, the prophets, the writings. The New Testament…
The Old Testament is for our learning which deals with laws,history and prophets before Christ came and died for our sins while the New Testament is about the life,death,burial and resurrection of Christ and the return of Jesus Christ. The Old testament believes that their Messiah is human who will free them from the oppressors; and differ from the New Testament whose belief in a Messiah that is divine and will save mankind from sin.
The old testament is about Jewish history and its prophets, telling about the wrath of god if they failed to listen to the prophets and gods word. And the coming of the Messiah. the new testament is after the birth of Jesus and his work. His life and teaching and his death and resurection . And it tells of Jesus coming a second time.
Only one - the Prophet and Forerunner St John the Baptist, who was the 'bridge' between the Old Testament and the New Testament era. The last Old Testament prophet before St John was Prophet Malachi, and then the Bible tells us that "all the prophets and the law prophesied until John came" (Matthew 11:13).
In Jewish tradition, there are three categories in the Old Testament: the Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings. In the Christian Old Testament, we have the books of the law, the books of history, the books of poetry, the major prophets, and the minor prophet. There are 39 books in the Old Testament.
In Islam, there are many prophets (some sources say as many as 124,000), since the word "prophet" refers to someone who was sent by Allah (God) to teach a message of righteousness. Muslims believe that all the prophets mentioned in the Hebrew Bible (including Moses and Abraham) were divinely inspired, and they also believe that Jesus, in the New Testament, was a prophet. But although there is great respect for the prophets in the Old…