What are the advantages and disadvantages of ecotourism?
Eco-tourism is, Tourism involving travel to areas of natural or ecological interest, typically under the guidance of a naturalist, for the purpose of observing wildlife and learning about the environment. Well established Eco-tourism * has minimal impact on the environment * builds awareness and respect for the local culture and environment * offers positive experiences for all * employs and benefits local people * educates visitors by an on-site visit about the local political, social and environmental issues.
* Money from the tourists go back into the conservation of the area.
* A wildlife habitat, for example, is protected
* Visitors carry new ideas back to influence their own environment Badly managed Eco-tourism
If the site is badly managed there can be problems of * overcrowding constructions
* pollution of the habitat * unlimited numbers of tourists
* The site becoming a "honey pot" area. The site becomes over-visited.
* Traffic congestion * Erosion where cars park illegally
* Footpath erosion, soil loss * Tourists don't understand or care what eco-tourism really is
* Criticism as "greenwashing" where the environment is used as a bait to attract tourists * Examples include establishing a huge energy intensive hotel in a splendid jungle setting with no understanding of sustainable development or the correct provision for the disposal of waste and sewage etc. * Examples include establishing a tourist resort which displaces the local people and illegally keeps endangered animals in cages to attract visitors (Nature's Sacred Paradise).
If the site is correctly managed, many of the disadvantages will not appear. One "promise" of eco-tourism is it increases the monetary value of standing (vs. logged, degraded, extinct) biological systems and thereby hopefully encourages the preservation of biological diversity. The problem is that some kinds of "eco-tourism" do not contribute much to the local economy, meaning that they can enrich a few people while leaving others left out of the loop. In this case, for those left out, there is still little incentive to engage in conservation. So the fulfillment of the promise depends on the details of how an eco-tourism business is established -- whether it's community-owned or owned by just a few individuals. Another "promise" of eco-tourism is that it is supposed to bring people closer to nature and thus instill a greater desire to protect it. It is very difficult to define eco-tourism, however, so not all "eco-tourist" activities do this equally well. For example, is off-roading eco-tourism? Is swimming with captive dolphins in an artificial lagoon eco-tourism? Is trekking through a rainforest in a small group eco-tourism? They may all be, but they probably impart different impressions of nature and the desire to preserve it. But what can we do about this? A:
Ever heard of the term greenwash? It's the dissemination of misleading information by an organization to conceal its abuse of the environment in order to present a positive public image, a term that is used to describe the actions of a company, government, or other organization which advertises positive environmental practices while acting in the opposite way. They destroy forestland to build a hotel in middle of a jungle and say"ecotourism". You should know what true ecotourism is. In the name of ecotourism most governments give us a greenwash.