Biology
Zoology or Animal Biology
Botany or Plant Biology

What are the branches of biology according to method of study?

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2014-11-25 16:42:36

The scope of biology is enormous - it's the history of all

living organisms and their role on earth. There are many branches

of biology, each focused on different aspects of

research.


Biology is first split into 3 main branches that focus on 3

different organisms: Zoology (animals),botany (plants), and

microbiology (organisms). More information on each branch as well

as numerous sub-branches are listed below in alphabetical

order.


Branches of Biology

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  • Agriculture - the science and practice of producing crops and

    livestock from the natural resources of the earth.

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  • Anatomy - the study of the animal form, particularly the human

    body.


  • Astrobiology - the branch of biology concerned with the effects

    of outer space on living organisms and the search for

    extraterrestrial life.


  • Biochemistry - the chemical processes in all living organisms

    and the study of the structure and function of cellular components,

    such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and other

    biomolecules, and of their functions and transformations during

    life processes.


  • Bioclimatology - a science concerned with the influence of

    climates on organisms, for instance the effects of climate on the

    development and distribution of plants, animals, and

    humans.


  • Bioengineering - the study of biology through the means of

    engineering with an emphasis on applied knowledge and especially

    related to biotechnology.


  • Biogeography - a science that attempts to describe the changing

    distributions and geographic patterns of living and fossil species

    of plants and animals.


  • Bioinformatics - information technology as applied to the life

    sciences, especially the technology used for the collection,

    storage, and retrieval of genomic data.

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  • Biomechanics - often considered a branch of medicine, the study

    of the mechanics of living beings, with an emphasis on applied use

    through artificial limbs, etc.


  • Biomathematics or Mathematical Biology - an interdisciplinary

    field of academic study which aims at modelling natural, biological

    processes using mathematical techniques and tools.

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  • Biophysics or biological physics - an interdisciplinary science

    that applies the theories and methods of physical sciences to

    questions of biology.


  • Biotechnology - applied science that is concerned with

    biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to

    make or modify products or processes for specific use.

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  • Botany - the scientific study of plants.

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  • Cell biology - the study of cells at the microscopic or at the

    molecular level. It includes studying the cells' physiological

    properties, structures, organelles, interactions with their

    environment, life cycle, division and apoptosis.

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  • Conservation Biology - the study of the preservation,

    protection, or restoration of the natural environment, natural

    ecosystems, vegetation, and wildlife. This is concerned with the

    studies and schemes of habitat preservation and species protection

    for the purpose of alleviating extinction crisis and conserving

    biodiversity.


  • Chronobiology - a science that studies time-related phenomena

    in living organisms.


  • Cryobiology - the study of the effects of low temperatures on

    living organisms.


  • Developmental Biology - the study of the processes by which an

    organism develops from a zygote to its full structure.

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  • Ecology - the scientific study of the relationships between

    plants, animals, and their environment.

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  • Ethnobiology - a study of the past and present human

    interactions with the environment, for instance the use of diverse

    flora and fauna by indigenous societies.

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  • Ethology - the study of animal behavior.

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  • Entomology - the scientific study of insects.

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  • Evolutionary Biology - a subfield concerned with the origin and

    descent of species, as well as their change over time, i.e. their

    evolution.


  • Freshwater Biology - a science concerned with the life and

    ecosystems of freshwater habitats.


  • Genetics - a science that deals with heredity, especially the

    mechanisms of hereditary transmission and the variation of

    inherited characteristics among similar or related

    organisms.


  • Geobiology - a science that combines geology and biology to

    study the interactions of organisms with their

    environment.


  • Herpetology - the study of reptiles and amphibians.

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  • Histology - The study of cells and tissue, a microscopic branch

    of anatomy.


  • Ichthyology - the study of fish.


  • Immunobiology - a study of the structure and function of the

    immune system, innate and acquired immunity, the bodily distinction

    of self from nonself, and laboratory techniques involving the

    interaction of antigens with specific antibodies.

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  • Macrobiology - the study of biology on the level of the

    macroscopic individual (plant, animal, or other living being) as a

    complete unit.


  • Mammology - the study of mammals.

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  • Marine Biology - study of ocean plants and animals and their

    ecological relationships.


  • Medicine - the science which relates to the prevention, cure,

    or alleviation of disease.


  • Microbiology - the study of microscopic organisms

    (microorganisms) and their interactions with other living

    things.


  • Molecular Biology - the study of biology and biological

    functions at the molecular level, some cross over with

    biochemistry.


  • Mycology - the study of fungi


  • Neurobiology - the branch of biology that deals with the

    anatomy and physiology and pathology of the nervous

    system.


  • Oceanography - the study of the ocean, including ocean life,

    environment, geography, weather, and other aspects influencing the

    ocean. See Marine Biology.


  • Ornithology - the study of birds.

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  • Paleobiology - the study of the forms of life existing in

    prehistoric or geologic times, as represented by the fossils of

    plants, animals, and other organisms.

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  • Parasitology - the study of parasites and parasitism.

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  • Pathology - the study of the nature of disease and its causes,

    processes, development, and consequences.

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  • Pharmacology - the study of preparation and use of drugs and

    synthetic medicines.


  • Physiology - the biological study of the functions of living

    organisms and their parts.


  • Primatology - the science that deals with primates

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  • Protistology - the study of protists

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  • Psychobiology - the study of mental functioning and behavior in

    relation to other biological processes

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  • Toxicology - the study of how natural or man-made poisons cause

    undesirable effects in living organisms

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  • Virology - study of viruses


  • Zoology - the study of animals and animal life, including

    classification, physiology, development, and behavior.


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