• Botany or Plant Biology
  • The Difference Between

What are the differences between monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants?

User Avatar

Wiki User

βˆ™ 2011-06-25 11:52:49

Best Answer
  • Embryos have a single seed leaf, referred to as a cotyledon - hence the name mono (one) cotyledon
  • Leaves have parallel venation and are generally strap-like in appearance
  • Flowers have petals and floral parts in multiples of three
  • In the stem, vascular bundles are scattered and absence of vascular cambium explains absence of secondary growth
  • A pollen grain with one opening
  • Root system is generally fibrous, shallow and adventitious
  • Stomata can be found on both epidermal layers of monocot leaves. This condition is called amphistomatic
  • Examples of monocot plants are: (grasses) most ornamental turf lawns, (bamboo's) ornamental and wild bamboo's inlcuding sugar cane, (grain plants) rye, rice, wheat, maize (bulbous plants) such as lilies, agapanthus, clivia, orchid varieties, most palm tree varieties

It should be noted that Monocotyledonous plants make up one huge slice of the worlds cereal/ edible crops, the staple diet of literally Billions of people and animals!

  • Embryos have two seed leaves, referred to as cotyledons - hence the name di (two) cotyledon - although dicots now known as eudicots, most people still use the term "dicot"
  • Leaves have branched venation
  • Flowers have petals and floral parts in multiples of four or five
  • In the stem, the vascular tissue is arranged circularly and presence of vascular cambium explains ability to effect secondary growth
  • A pollen grain with three openings
  • Root system is generally branched, but taproot based
  • Stomata can only be found in the lower epidermis. So, we describe it as hypostomatic condition
  • Examples of dicot plants include: (veg) tomatos, peppers, cabbage, beans, peas, (flowers) sunflowers, roses, daisies, violets, petunia, pansy (fruit) apples, Pears, cherries, avocardo

See the pictorial link showing the differences between mono and dicots - PDF file so you need Acrobat to view it.

2011-06-25 11:52:49
This answer is:
User Avatar

Your Answer

Still have questions?

Related Questions

Is the daffodil a dicotyledonous or monocotyledonous plant?

Daffodils are monocotyledonous, as are most bulbous plants

What plants have similar venation?

Most monocotyledonous plants have parallel venation Most dicotyledonous plants have net venation

What are the Characteristics of dicots?

A dicotyledonous plant is one which has two embryonic leaves in it seeds, as compared to monocotyledonous plants that have only one.

Are cactus plants monocots?

No, cactus plants aren't monocots. Monocotyledonous plants have only one leaf in the embryonic stage of growth. Cactus plants have two leaves, which is the hallmark of dicotyledonous plants. In fact, cactus plants are members of the Magnoliopsida class and Caryophyllales order as dicotyledonous flowering plants.

Similarities between monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants?

1. Produce flowers for reproduction. 2. They have true roots, stems and leaves. 3. Reproduce by seeds. hope i helped. x

To classify flowering plants into monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous using common characteristics?

classify it according to their types of leaves, roots, stem and number of cotyledon

What are the two types of flowering plants and how are they different?

The two types are monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants.Monocotyledons have only one cotyledon within the seed, while dicotyledonous have two cotyledon leaves.Examples of monocotyledons are: grasses, bamboos, lilies, orchids and palmsExamples of dicotyledonous are: daisies, roses etc (plenty of examples)

What is a selective herbicide?

A herbicide that only kills certain types of plants as opposed to others. Most selective herbicides kill dicotyledonous plants, and do not affect monocotyledonous plants. See related question

What are some flowering plants and non flowering plants?

Non-flowering plants include:Conifers and other gymnospermsFernsClubmossesHornwortsLiverwortsMossesGreen algaeFlowering plant groups:Monocotyledonous plantsDicotyledonous plants

What is parellal venation?

Parallel venation is the term used to describe the arrangement of leaf veins in monocotyledonous plants. The veins are arranged parallel to each other, thus parallel venation (as opposed to the branched or net venation of dicotyledonous plants)

Is the tangerine a dicotyledonous plant?

Tangerines are angiosperms, making them dicotyledonous plants.

Definition of parallel venation?

Parallel venation is the term used to describe the arrangement of leaf veins in monocotyledonous plants. The veins are arranged parallel to each other, thus parallel venation (as opposed to the branched or net venation of dicotyledonous plants)

What are the similarity between plant hibiscus and plant mango?

Both are dicotyledonous flowering plants.

What kind of plants are grasses and grain?


Plants with one cotyledon are called what?


What kind of plants are carrots?

Carrots are dicotyledonous

What are the two divisions of flowering plants?

Monocotyledonous and diocotyledonous

What kind of plants are oak?

Oaks are dicotyledonous trees

How are plants with two seed leaf called?


Are potatoes monocots or dicots?

Potatoes are dicotyledonous plants.

Are Palm Trees non-flowering plants?

They are flowering monocotyledonous, diecious plants

What are the names of all the monocotyledonous plants in Jamaica?

Grasses and palms

What is the first leaf of a germinated seed called?

The primary leaf, or leaves; sometimes two primary leaves from opposite each other depending on the leaf arrangement on the stem of the plant. This varies from plant to plant. Monocotyledonous plants normally produce a single primary leaf, where are dicotyledonous plants may produce one or two.

What is a dicotyledonous plant?

The dicotyledonous plants are flowering plant, also known as angiosperms with two embryonic leaves. They flower in groups of four or five.

What is and example of dicotyledonous plants?

mango,orchid,rose,oak and maple