Botany or Plant Biology
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What are the differences between monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants?


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2011-06-25 11:52:49
2011-06-25 11:52:49
  • Embryos have a single seed leaf, referred to as a cotyledon - hence the name mono (one) cotyledon
  • Leaves have parallel venation and are generally strap-like in appearance
  • Flowers have petals and floral parts in multiples of three
  • In the stem, vascular bundles are scattered and absence of vascular cambium explains absence of secondary growth
  • A pollen grain with one opening
  • Root system is generally fibrous, shallow and adventitious
  • Stomata can be found on both epidermal layers of monocot leaves. This condition is called amphistomatic
  • Examples of monocot plants are: (grasses) most ornamental turf lawns, (bamboo's) ornamental and wild bamboo's inlcuding sugar cane, (grain plants) rye, rice, wheat, maize (bulbous plants) such as lilies, agapanthus, clivia, orchid varieties, most palm tree varieties

It should be noted that Monocotyledonous plants make up one huge slice of the worlds cereal/ edible crops, the staple diet of literally Billions of people and animals!

  • Embryos have two seed leaves, referred to as cotyledons - hence the name di (two) cotyledon - although dicots now known as eudicots, most people still use the term "dicot"
  • Leaves have branched venation
  • Flowers have petals and floral parts in multiples of four or five
  • In the stem, the vascular tissue is arranged circularly and presence of vascular cambium explains ability to effect secondary growth
  • A pollen grain with three openings
  • Root system is generally branched, but taproot based
  • Stomata can only be found in the lower epidermis. So, we describe it as hypostomatic condition
  • Examples of dicot plants include: (veg) tomatos, peppers, cabbage, beans, peas, (flowers) sunflowers, roses, daisies, violets, petunia, pansy (fruit) apples, pears, cherries, avocardo

See the pictorial link showing the differences between mono and dicots - PDF file so you need Acrobat to view it.


Related Questions

Daffodils are monocotyledonous, as are most bulbous plants

Most monocotyledonous plants have parallel venation Most dicotyledonous plants have net venation

A dicotyledonous plant is one which has two embryonic leaves in it seeds, as compared to monocotyledonous plants that have only one.

No, cactus plants aren't monocots. Monocotyledonous plants have only one leaf in the embryonic stage of growth. Cactus plants have two leaves, which is the hallmark of dicotyledonous plants. In fact, cactus plants are members of the Magnoliopsida class and Caryophyllales order as dicotyledonous flowering plants.

1. Produce flowers for reproduction. 2. They have true roots, stems and leaves. 3. Reproduce by seeds. hope i helped. x

classify it according to their types of leaves, roots, stem and number of cotyledon

The two types are monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants.Monocotyledons have only one cotyledon within the seed, while dicotyledonous have two cotyledon leaves.Examples of monocotyledons are: grasses, bamboos, lilies, orchids and palmsExamples of dicotyledonous are: daisies, roses etc (plenty of examples)

A herbicide that only kills certain types of plants as opposed to others. Most selective herbicides kill dicotyledonous plants, and do not affect monocotyledonous plants. See related question

Non-flowering plants include:Conifers and other gymnospermsFernsClubmossesHornwortsLiverwortsMossesGreen algaeFlowering plant groups:Monocotyledonous plantsDicotyledonous plants

Parallel venation is the term used to describe the arrangement of leaf veins in monocotyledonous plants. The veins are arranged parallel to each other, thus parallel venation (as opposed to the branched or net venation of dicotyledonous plants)

Tangerines are angiosperms, making them dicotyledonous plants.

Parallel venation is the term used to describe the arrangement of leaf veins in monocotyledonous plants. The veins are arranged parallel to each other, thus parallel venation (as opposed to the branched or net venation of dicotyledonous plants)

Both are dicotyledonous flowering plants.

Carrots are dicotyledonous

Monocotyledonous and diocotyledonous

Potatoes are dicotyledonous plants.

Oaks are dicotyledonous trees

They are flowering monocotyledonous, diecious plants

The dicotyledonous plants are flowering plant, also known as angiosperms with two embryonic leaves. They flower in groups of four or five.

The primary leaf, or leaves; sometimes two primary leaves from opposite each other depending on the leaf arrangement on the stem of the plant. This varies from plant to plant. Monocotyledonous plants normally produce a single primary leaf, where are dicotyledonous plants may produce one or two.

mango,orchid,rose,oak and maple

No. Jeera is a dicotyledonous seed

The terms monocot and dicot (both are abbreviations, standing respectively for monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous) refer to the structure of embryonic plants inside their seeds, specifically, whether they have one leaf or two leaves. That is what it means. It has no relevance to animals. Animals have no leaves and cannot be monocots or dicots.

No. Cotton is a variety of plants in the Genus Gossypium. This is part of the Order Malvales. These are dicotyledonous

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