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What are the differences between the Eastern Orthodox church and Roman Catholic church?


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Answered 2015-06-12 19:47:10

There are several different answers, one is that some of the saints believed in are different, the orthodox calender is different to the catholic calender, Easter is approximately 2 weeks after the catholic... Also, the events that occurr are sometimes celebrated in different ways, eg. on Easter, the catholic families usually send their children on an Easter-egg hunt, whereas most orthodox families (mainly lebanese) celebrate it in a more unusual way. They boil eggs, paint them any random colour, then each person gets a partner, then they smash the eggs together... Which ever egg is least damaged, wins ! And those are some differences between the two branches of Christianity.

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Well it is obvious the Roman Catholic Church accepts the Pope in Rome as the head of church and follows seven sacaraments but the Orthodox Church is not in communion with the Roman Catholic Church which is it does not accept the Pope as its leader.

1. Eastern Church use Greek as their main language, Western Churches use Latin as their main language.

2. If you are the Priest in the Eastern Churches, you can marry. If you are the Priest in the Western Churches, you cannot marry.

3. Eastern Churches uses Ecumenical Councils which Bishops gather and discuss about something bout Christianity (ex. Herecies, etc.). Western Churches uses Papal Authority which is the Pope who order a command or rules.

Eastern Churches doesn't use instrumental music. Western Churches use instrumental music.

AnswerThe two churches split in medieval times. The Roman Catholic Church is based in Rome, under the authority of the Pope but the Orthodox Christians don't have a pope, only bishops.

The technical name for the body of Christians who use the Byzantine Rite in various languages and are in union with the Patriarch of Constantinople but in schism with the Pope of Rome. The epithet Orthodox (orthodoxos), meaning "right believer", is, naturally, claimed by people of every religion. It is almost exactly a Greek form of the official title of the chief enemies of the Greeks, i.e. the Moslems (mu'min, fidelis). The Monophysite Armenians called themselves ughapar, meaning exactly the same thing.

How "Orthodox" became the proper name of the Eastern Church it is difficult to say. It was used at first, long before the schism of Photius, especially in the East, not with any idea of opposition against the West, but rather as the antithesis to the Eastern heretics - Nestorians and Monophysites. Gradually, although of course, both East and West always claimed both names, "Catholic" became the most common name for the original Church in the West, "Orthodox" in the East.

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Answered 2015-06-12 19:50:13

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Liturgically there are really no differences in that the Catholic Church is composed of all the same Rites as the Orthodox. When the Orthodox split from Rome in the eleventh century, each Eastern Rite Church split in two, to this day there is a Greek Orthodox Church, which is in schism, and a Greek Uniate Rite - which looks and acts the same way with the same language - that is in Catholic and in union with the Pope. Similarily with every other Rite except the Latin and the Maronite Rites - which never split or left the Church. Bottom line? The Orthodox Churches are nationalchurches responsible to their governments (Russian, Greek, etc.), the Catholic Church is the Church founded by Our Blessed Lord, Jesus Christ.

from A Catholic Dictionary, edited by Donald Attwater, Second edition, revised 1957

The Schism of the East: the estrangement and severance from the Holy See of what is now called the Orthodox Eastern Church was a gradual process extending over centuries. After a number of minor schisms the first serious, though short, break was that of Photius; from then on tension between East and West increased, and the schism of Cerularius occurred in 1054. From then on the breach gradually widened and has been definitive since 1472. There was a formal union from the 2nd Council of Lyons in 1274 until 1282, and a more promising one after the Council of Florence from 1439 to 1472. After the capture of Constantinople it was in the Turkish interest to reopen and widen the breach with the powerful Roman church; the patriarchates of Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem were dragged into this policy, Russia and the Slav churches stood out the longest of any: none of these churches, except Constantinople itself in 1472, formally and definitely broke away from the unity of the Church. But in the course of centuries the schism has set and crystallized into a definite separation from the Holy See of many million people with a true priesthood and valid sacraments. The origins, causes and development of the schism are matters of much complication, still not fully unraveled.

from Modern Catholic Dictionary by John A. Hardon, S.J. Doubleday & Co., Inc. Garden City, NY 1980
Separation of the Christian Churches of the East from unity with Rome. The schism was centuries in the making and finally became fixed in 1054, when the Patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularisu (died 1059), was excommunicated by the papal legates for opposing the use of leavened bread by the Latin Church and removing the Pope's name from the diptychs or list of persons to be prayed for in the Eucharistic liturgy. A temporary reunion with Rome was effected by the Second Council of Lyons (1274) and the Council of Florence (1439) but never stabilized.

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Pase click the following link to view the article that states the differences between the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic theologies.


ANSWER:Actually, there is the Eastern ORTHODOX Church and the Eastern Rite Catholic Church.The Eastern Orthodox Church is separated from (in "schism" with) The Catholic Church.The Eastern Catholic Church is a "Rite"/sect in full communion with the Catholic Church and the pope. The Roman Catholic Church is the Latin Rite. Both are part of The Catholic Church.The Eastern Orthodox Church is not, technically, part/in communion with the Catholic Church. They do not even refer to themselves as "Catholic" but rather "Orthodox."


The Great Schism was between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church (or Catholicism and Eastern Orthodox).


Both use the Old and New testaments; however, the Eastern Orthodox Church uses additional scripture the Catholic Church does not.


Catholics are Christian. Catholicism is one of many Christian denominations. Others include Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, Presbyterian, Methodist, Baptist - as well as many others. So, the differences between Catholicism and another Christian group depends a lot on what exactly the other group is. The differences between Catholics and Eastern Orthodox will be quite different than say, a list of differences between Catholics and Baptists.



It did not change, as there was no Eastern Orthodox Church before 1054, that is the year that the Schism of the East became formalized and the Eastern Orthodox Church came into existence.


Roman Catholics believe in Papal Primacy, Papal Infallibility, the Immaculate Conception, and Purgatory while Eastern Orthodox people do not. Roman Catholics believe that the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son, while Eastern Orthodox people believe that the Holy Spirit only proceeds from the Father.


There's no such thing as Western Orthodox However, theoretically, there should be no difference in faith; only in culture


The Eastern Orthodox church and the Roman Catholic church split in the Great Schism. The Church of England later split from the Roman Catholic church, but did not in any way align itself with the Eastern Orthodox church.



The East–West Schism, commonly referred to as the Great Schism of 1054, is the break of communion between what are now the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches, which began in the 11th century and continues.


The split between the Eastern Orthodox and the western Catholic Churches was caused by a number of different factors. Namely, neither side could decide on the Pope's role in the church, or the scope of his authority.


The Russian orthodox is part of the eastern orthodox beliefs I don't think there is significant difference between the two.


The main difference is that the Greek Orthodox do not recognize the authority of the Pope. The main similarity is that they are both Christian.


Both claim to have begun in the year 33 AD on the Day of Pentecost.The Eastern Orthodox Church or, more correctly, the Catholic Orthodox Church, is known as Apostolic Succession.Some Pentecostals call themselves Apostolic. The main distinction is their emphasis on the baptism of the Holy Ghost with "speaking in tongues" The Orthodox Church believes that there is no Biblical foundation for this.Another difference is that Eastern Orthodox is trinitarian, while Apostolic Pentecostals are oneness believers.


It depends on the Catholic and the Orthodox you mean. Many Catholics and Orthodox churches share the same Rite, and so worship is basically identical. For example there are both Catholics and Orthodox who follow the Byzantine Rite, or the Coptic. Some are unique, for example, there are no Orthodox churches who use the Roman Rite which can be found in the Catholic Church.


Orthodox do not accept:Leadership of the popePapal infallibility'filioque' which is part of the Nicene Creed. Catholics say, in regards to the Holy Spirit 'who proceeds from the Father and the Son. They say 'who proceeds from the Father.'


The main difference is the authority of the pope. Catholics accept it, Protestants and Orthodox don't. There are some differences in the cannon (list of books) included in the Old Testament (although they all have the same New Testament). There are several different types of Protestant religions (Lutheran, Methodist, Anglican, etc) which have differences between themselves and differences between Catholic/Orthodox. So complicated to get into more specifics.


Some Eastern Orthodox bibles conhave books in the Old Testament books which are not included in OT of Catholic bibles (For example: Prayer of Manasseh, Psalm 151, 3 Macabees). The New Testament is the same.


To differentiate between Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Assyrian Church of the East one would use Roman Catholic.


There were several important points of controversy between the Eastern Orthodox church and the Roman Catholic church. Namely, they could not decide on the nature of the Holy Spirit, or what sort of authority the pope should have. Additionally, they could not agree on whether to base themselves out of Constantinople or Rome.


He set himself up as a rival king in the West in 800 AD, and this offensive act caused the beginning of tensions between the Orthodox Emperor in Constantinople and the barbarian rulers of the West. This increased the separation and differences between the Latin West with the Orthodox East and eventually led to the Great Schism of 1054 AD.


The Roman Catholic Church is normally known for using fresco's and Statues in their churches. Whereas The Eastern Orthodox Church uses mosaics and icons, with a small percentage of the time they will also use fresco's .


1)The filoque in the Nicene Creed (Orthodox say that the Holy Spirit "Proceeds from the Father," whereas Catholics say that the Holy Spirit "Proceeds from the Father AND the Son"). 2) The Orthodox go by the Julien Calendar, whereas the Catholic goes by the Gregorian Calendar.



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