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Alcohol can do many bad things to people. It is a drug, so a person can become dependent on it. Excessive alcohol consumption can cause Heart disease, obesity, tinnitus and liver problems. Alcohol can make a person change their behavior, almost as if they are another person.

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9y ago
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12y ago

Alcohol reduces inhibitons, it slows down the brain that's why you get the physical and Mental effects of alcohol, it CAN effect your thoughts and make you do stuff you normally wouldn't have the Courage or down right nerve to do (Good or Bad) Alcohol is broken up by the liver, the liver roughly gets rid of one drink per hour.

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12y ago

Alcohol intoxication (also known as drunkenness or inebriation) is a physiological state that occurs when a person has a high level of ethanol (alcohol) in their blood. Common symptoms of alcohol intoxication include slurred speech, euphoria, impaired balance, loss of muscle coordination (ataxia), flushed face, reddened eyes, reduced inhibition, and erratic behavior. In severe cases, it can cause coma or death.

Toxicologists use the term "alcohol intoxication" to discriminate between alcohol and other toxins.

Ethanol is metabolised to acetaldehyde by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), which is found in many tissues, including the gastric mucosa. Acetaldehyde is metabolised to acetate by acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), which is predominantly found in liver mitochondria. Acetate is used by the muscle cells to produce Acetyl-CoA using the enzyme acetyl-CoA synthetase, and the Acetyl-CoA is then used in the Citric Acid Cycle. It takes roughly 90 minutes for a healthy liver to metabolize a single ounce, approximately one hour per standard unit.

Ethanol's acute effects are largely due to its nature as a CNS depressant, and are dependent on blood alcohol concentrations:

  • 20-99 mg/dL - Impaired coordination and euphoria
  • 100-199 mg/dL - Ataxia, poor judgment, labile mood
  • 200-299 mg/dL - Marked ataxia, slurred speech, poor judgment, labile mood, nausea and vomiting
  • 300-399 mg/dL - Stage 1 anaesthesia, memory lapse, labile mood
  • 400+mg/dL - Respiratory failure, coma and death

As drinking increases, people become sleepy, or fall into a stupor. Ultimately, the respiratory system becomes depressed, and the person will stop breathing. The most important thing for friends who witness someone "passing out" from too much alcohol is to get them emergency medical treatment. Commonly, comatose patients aspirate their vomit (resulting in vomitus in the lungs, which may cause "drowning" and later pneumonia if survived). CNS depression and impaired motor co-ordination along with poor judgment increases the likelihood of accidental injury occurring. It is estimated that about a two-fifths of alcohol related deaths are due to accidents (32%) or intentional injury (13.7%).

In addition to respiratory failure and accidents caused by effects on the central nervous system, alcohol causes significant metabolic derangements. Hypoglycaemia occurs due to ethanol's inhibition of gluconeogenesis, especially in children, and may cause lactic acidosis, ketoacidosis and acute renal failure. Metabolic acidosis is compounded by respiratory failure. Patients may also present with hypothermia. An "abnormal" liver, one with hepatitis, cirrhosis, gall bladder disease, cancer, etc., will have a slower rate of metabolism.

In determining if someone is intoxicated it is necessary to observe their behavior while the subject is sober to establish a baseline, ruling out a preexisting condition such as hypoglycemia, usage of narcotics besides alcohol, mental health issues, etc. Several well known criteria can be used to establish a probable diagnosis. For a physician in the acute treatment setting, acute alcohol intoxication can mimic other acute neurological disorders, or is frequently combined with other recreational drugs that complicate diagnosis and treatment. Definitive diagnosis relies on a blood test for alcohol, usually performed as part of a toxicology screen. Many patients are uninhibited, especially when legal consequences are unlikely (e.g., no police are present), so they disclose information that simplifies the diagnosis.

Many informal intoxication tests exist. Because they are self-tests, they are inherently unreliable and are not recommended as deterrents to excessive intoxication.

For example, in New England there is a test which should be considered an urban legend or folklore. Most commonly referred to as the Pinch Test or the Swipe Test, it requires the drinker to rub the thumb and forefinger [of each hand] from the top of the nose downward and outward across the nose, or alternatively across the cheeks to the chin (as if stroking a beard). The test is supposedly based upon one's perception of the rubbing. If the sensation of contact persists (i.e., if you still feel your fingers on your face after removing them), then you are not intoxicated. If the sensation does not persist, it is suggested that you stop drinking.

There also exist several breathalyzer units which are sold by various producers. Because they are most likely not the same models as those used by police, it is advised that such devices be used only for personal reasons rather than for detecting one's ability to legally operate a motor vehicle.

A normal liver detoxifies the blood of alcohol over a period of time that depends on the initial level and the patient's overall physical condition. An abnormal liver will take longer but still succeed, provided the alcohol doesn't cause liver failure.

People who have been drinking heavily for several days or weeks may have withdrawal symptoms after the acute intoxication has subsided.

A person who consumes a dangerous amount of alcohol persistently can develop memory blackouts and idiosyncratic intoxication or pathological drunkenness symptoms.

Long-term persistent consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol can cause liver damage and have other deleterious health effects.

The condition is found in those who ingest excessive amounts of alcohol. Common causes for excessive consumption include depression, alcoholism, inexperience with controlling the amount of alcohol consumed, lack of self-control, etc.

Laws on drunkenness vary between countries. In the United States, for example, it is a criminal offense for a person to be drunk while driving a motorized vehicle (driving under the influence), operating an aircraft, or (in some states) assembling or operating an amusement-park ride. This is also the case in the United Kingdom and many other countries.

The blood alcohol content (BAC) for legal operation of a vehicle is typically measured as a percent of unit volume of blood. This ranges from a low of 0.00% in Romania and the United Arab Emirates, to 0.05% in Australia and Germany, to 0.08% in the United Kingdom, the United States, and New Zealand.

Additionally, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration prohibits crewmembers from performing their duties with a BAC greater than 0.04%, within 8 hours of consuming an alcoholic beverage or while under the influence of alcohol.

Minesites in Australia enforce a 0.0% BAC[clarification needed] while on shift, thus regularly conduct alcohol tests across all personnel.

In the UK and US, police can arrest those deemed too intoxicated in a public place for public intoxication, "drunk and disorderly" or even "drunk and incapable". In the UK and Australia, being "drunk in a public place" is an offence in itself. There are often legal penalties for the sale of alcohol to intoxicated persons.

Many religious groups permit the consumption of alcohol but prohibit intoxication. Some prohibit alcohol consumption altogether. In the Qur'an,there is a prohibition on the consumption of grape-based Alcoholic Beverages, and intoxication is considered as an abomination in the Hadith. Islamic schools of law (Madh'hab) have interpreted this as a strict prohibition of the consumption of all types of alcohol and declared it to be haraam ("forbidden"), although other uses may be permitted.

Some Protestant Christian denominations prohibit the drinking of alcohol based upon Biblical passages which condemn drunkenness (for instance, Proverbs 23:21, Isaiah 28:1, Habakkuk 2:15.), but others allow moderate use of alcohol Wine is an essential part of the historic Christian rite of communion (see Christianity and alcohol). Proverbs 31:4-7 states a prophecy of King Lemuel, It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink:Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts.Let him drink, and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more.

In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, alcohol consumption is forbidden, to the point where teetotalism has become a distinguishing feature of its members.

In Buddhism, intoxication is discouraged in both monastics and lay followers. Lay followers observe the Five Moral Precepts of which the fifth precept forbids consumption of intoxicants substances (except for medical reasons). Monastic precepts are even stricter. In the Bodhisattva Vows of the Brahma Net Sutra, observed by some monastic communities and even some lay followers, distribution of intoxicants is likewise discouraged, in addition to consumption.

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11y ago

1. KIll your brain cells

2. slow your senses

3. make you look like a FOOL

4. etc., etc., etc.

It's an old myth that alcohol kills brain cells. Drinking alcohol in moderation can improve health (for example, reduce the risk of heart attack by 40%) and improve longevity.

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14y ago

sedates them, causes impaired thinking, slows reaction time, slows breathing, harms the liver where it is detoxified, causes capillary dilatation, and is the leading cause of social impairment and harm to individuals and families.

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12y ago

From the book "Sick & tired" by Robert o young, pH.d:

"It is the most common primary mycotoxin, & due 2 its unique properties, has become an abused 1. no other mycotoxin i can think of is manufactured & purified 4 the purpose of recreational ingestion! "

"it is responsible 4 many disease symptoms & premature deaths. "

"alcoholic beverages correlate not only w/ cirrhosis of the liver , but a wide range of other symptoms which include brain damage, cancers & fetal injury."

not sure if i answered your question but just would like to share this with others..

it's a great book and you will realise just how much "junk" you are feeding your body.

which then leads to why you look/feel a certain way and more...

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Q: What are the effects alcohol has on people?
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Related questions

Why do people feel the effects of alcohol so quick?

Because people have no idea .

Do people with autism feel effects of alcohol?

Yes, we feel the effects of alcohol just like anyone else. Autism is a neurological difference, it doesn't change how we respond to drugs like alcohol.

What are the effects of alcohol poisoning?

If you look at statestics, you might feel terrified. About 2,200 people die of alcohol poisoning in the US each year 6 people die of alcohol poisoning each day in the US. AND most people who die are middle-aged adults or men.

How alcohol effects emotions?

Alcohol is a depressant and it disinhibits people. So depending on the person, you may get a different reaction.

Why do some people become warm after alcohol?

Usually the surface of our skin is well below body temperature due to convection and evaporative cooling. Drinking alcohol causes the capillaries at the surface of the skin to dilate, bringing more blood to the surface. Our heat sensing nerves are also in that area, so we feel warmer. This is the same thing that causes people's face to flush when they are drinking.

Why is drinking alcohol so common?

It is readily available, and people enjoy the effects.

What are factors that influence te effects of alcohol on the mind and body?

The effects of alcohol on the mind are largely a result of the drinker's "alcohol expectancies." We tend to react to alcohol in terms of what we think it does to us. People who falsely believe they are consuming alcohol will act intoxicated! The effects of alcohol on the body depend on how much and how often we drink. Consuming alcohol regularly and in moderation is associated with better health and greater longevity than is either abstaining from alcohol or abusing it.

Why do people misuse alcohol?

For the same reasons that any other drug is misused. For the temporary effects they give. Unfortunately many, including alcohol, are addictive and the side effects can be cumulative and debilitating.

How many people died from alcohol in 2010?

No one died from alcohol in 2010. However, an unknown number died from the effects of abusing alcohol themselves or by others.

What are the after effects of alcohol?

Dizziness, headaches, tiredness and vomiting can be possible effects of abusing alcohol.