The energy released from a nuclear weapon detonated in the troposphere can be divided into four basic categories: * Blast-40-50% of total energy * Thermal radiation-30-50% of total energy * Ionizing radiation-5% of total energy * Residual radiation-5-10% of total energy However, depending on the design of the weapon and the environment in which it is detonated the energy distributed to these categories can be increased or decreased to the point of nullification. The blast effect is created by immense amounts of energy, spanning the electromagnetic spectrum, with the surroundings. Locations such as submarine, surface, airburst, or exo-atmospheric determine how much energy is produced as blast and how much as radiation. In general, denser mediums around the bomb, like water, absorb more energy, and create more powerful shockwaves while at the same time limiting the area of its effect. The dominant effects of a nuclear weapon where people are likely to be affected (blast and thermal radiation) are identical physical damage mechanisms to conventional explosives. However the energy produced by a nuclear explosive is millions of times more powerful per gram and the temperatures reached are briefly in the tens of millions of degrees. Energy from a nuclear explosive is initially released in several forms of penetrating radiation. When there is a surrounding material such as air, rock, or water, this radiation interacts with and rapidly heats it to an equilibrium temperature. This causes vaporization of surrounding material resulting in its rapid expansion. Kinetic energy created by this expansion contributes to the formation of a shockwave. When a nuclear detonation occurs in air near sea level, much of the released energy interacts with the atmosphere and creates a shockwave which expands spherically from the hypocenter. Intense thermal radiation at the hypocenter forms a fireball and if the burst is low enough, its often associated mushroom cloud. In a burst at high altitudes, where the air density is low, more energy is released as ionizing gamma radiation and x-rays than an atmosphere displacing shockwave. In 1945 there was some initial speculation among the scientists developing the first nuclear weapons that there might be a possibility of igniting the Earth's atmosphere with a large enough nuclear explosion. This would concern a nuclear reaction of two nitrogen atoms forming a carbon and an oxygen atom, with release of energy. This energy would heat up the remaining nitrogen enough to keep the reaction going until all nitrogen atoms were consumed. This was, however, quickly shown to be unlikely enough to be considered impossible . Nevertheless, the notion has persisted as a rumour for many years.
Death and destruction
Babies born with defects.
See: Atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
The bombing of Hiroshima, they surrender after the bombing of Nagasaki.
See website: Atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The atomic bombing of Japan was done to end WW2 as fast as possible with as little loss of life as possible.
Yes. Atomic and nuclear have the same meaning.
It ended the war.
The world needed peace and the atomic bombing brought it.
The atomic bombing of Nagasaki took place in the city of Nagasaki.
It was mostly the civilian casualties. However this problem is not unique to atomic bombs. Any large bombing campaign has similar effects.
atomic bombing of hiroshima
Little Boy for the bombing of Hiroshima, and Fat Man for the bombing of Nagasaki
The population of Hiroshima before the Atomic Bombing was 350,000. The population of Nagasaki before the Atomic Bombing was 270,000.
roughly 100,000 died in each bombing, either from prompt or delayed effects.
During WW 2, the firebombing of Tokyo, and the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The bombing of Hiroshima was only one bomb. It was the atomic bomb called little boy.
NO , bombing on Nagasaki was more powerful. But because of Nagaski's terrian more people lived
no, and it was not on the target list for atomic bombing as it had already been heavily damaged by conventional incendiary bombing raids. that damage would have made weapons effects analysis for the new bombs too difficult to do and the results unclear and inconclusive.