What are the environmental risks in transporting crude oil?
The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill remains the justifiable example of how the transportation of oil can suddenly wreak a huge environmental and economic crisis. Eleven million gallons of oil leaked, unstopped, from the ship when it hit rocks in 1989. Initial cleanup, by most reports, took three years and amounted to a cost of over $2.5 billion. The sheer numbers of animals and birds destroyed were devastating. In fact, hundreds of thousands of birds, harbor seals, and whales were killed. And what we learned about that spill is that still the only "effective" way the oil industry has to clean up the mess is with the use of absorbent paper towels.
The environmental problems of transporting crude oil across the sea is that if it were to be spilt some how then it would be in the sea for a very long time ( 1-2 years) this will affect the creatures of the water for exmple the fishes In fact spills from tankers have been a regular occurrence and the effects can last for decades. In the case of the Exxon Valdez spill into Prince William…
Crude oil is a mixture of compounds called hydrocarbons. Many useful materials can be produced from crude oil. It can be separated into different fractions using fractional distillation, and some of these can be used as fuels. Unfortunately, there are environmental consequences when fossil fuels such as crude oil and its products are used.