Philosophy and Philosophers

What are the four Noble Truths?

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2017-08-03 10:55:56

The Four Noble Truths are one of the most fundamental teaching

of the Buddha Gautama Shakyamuni.

  1. The Nature of Suffering (Dukkha):

    is the noble truth of suffering: birth is suffering, aging is

    suffering, illness is suffering, death is suffering; sorrow,

    lamentation, pain, grief and despair are suffering; union with what

    is displeasing is suffering; separation from what is pleasing is

    suffering; not to get what one wants is suffering; in brief, the

    five aggregates subject to clinging are suffering."

  2. Suffering's Origin (Samudaya):
    "This is

    the noble truth of the origin of suffering: it is this craving

    which leads to renewed existence, accompanied by delight and lust,

    seeking delight here and there, that is, craving for sensual

    pleasures, craving for existence, craving for extermination."

  3. Suffering's Cessation (Nirodha):

    "This is the noble truth of the cessation of suffering: it is the

    remainderless fading away and cessation of that same craving, the

    giving up and relinquishing of it, freedom from it, nonreliance on


  4. The Way (Mārga) Leading to the Cessation of


    "This is the noble truth of the way leading to the cessation of

    suffering: it is the Noble Eightfold Path; that is, right view,

    right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood,

    right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration."

(Attached to this teaching is the "Noble Eight Fold


Freely paraphrased, the four Noble Truths are :

  1. All life is suffering.

  2. Suffering is caused by wanting things you cannot have.

  3. To end suffering, overcome desire.

  4. To overcome desire, follow the Eight-Fold Path.

1. There is suffering in the world.

2. Suffering is caused by desire.

3. Desire can be overcome.

4. Desire can be overcome by following the Eight Fold Path.

I found some different answers, but this is what my teacher told

me...not sure if it's completely right..sorry!

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