What are the main homologous series for organic compounds?
All the families of organic compounds exist as a homologous series (A series having a difference of 'CH2' unit between two consecutive members) the main homologous series-es are Alkanes, Alkenes, Alcohols and Carboxylic acids (Fatty acids).
Organic chemistry deals with compounds of the elements Carbon (C) and Hydrogen (H). These form the main structures of all organic compounds (carbon especially) with additional functional groups of possible other elements attached. Hg is the abbreviation for mercury on the periodic table. The atomic number for mercury is 80.
Organic compounds are actually compounds containing carbon covalently bonded with a hydrogen. You can say carbon is the main thing here. Compounds of carbon [except oxides, carbonates, bicarbonates] are termed as organic. Water does not contain a carbon atom. So it is inorganic. Carbon dioxide is considered by chemists as inorganic, along with carbon monoxide, carbonates and bicarbonates. Nature has not distinguished compounds into inorganic and organic compounds that clearly. These compounds of carbon are…