What are the major chemical components that make up most plastics?
resins fillers pigments plasticizers
What chemical and physical properties of plastic make it a perfect material as substitute to other thing?
Yes，Plastics can be classified by chemical structure, namely the molecular units that make up the polymer's backbone and side chains. Some important groups in these classifications are the acrylics, polyesters, silicones, polyurethanes, and halogenated plastics. Plastics can also be classified by the chemical process used in their synthesis, such as condensation, polyaddition, and cross-linking.
Chemistry deals with chemical properties of materials. Electrochemical properties could make better batteries. Chemical process could make different materials like polymers, plastics, metals etc. Almost all medicines were produced by chemical operations. Nano technology uses chemical process to make different materials with different different chemical , physical and electronic properties. Biotechnology uses different chemical substances and process in various operations.
Bioplastics are not a new concept. Henry Ford used soybeans to make a bioplastic body for a car in 1941, and celluloid plastic was manufactured from camphor and acid-dipped cotton almost 80 years earlier. Polylactic acid (PLA) plastics, made from corn, were created from a collaboration in 2000 between Cargill, Inc. and Dow Chemical. Cargill went on to partner with Teijin Ltd., a Japanese plastics manufacturer, to produce corn plastics under the name NatureWorks LLC.
But synthetic polymers have caused some problems, too. Many of the disadvantages of using plastics come from the same properties that make them so useful. For example, it is often cheaper to throw plastics away and make new ones than it is to reuse them. As a result, plastics increase the volume of trash.
Generally, plastics have high electrical resistance - that is to say, they don't transmit electricity at all easily. That is why wires are usually covered in it - to make sure that even if the wire touches something - or you! - the electricity won't be transmitted to you. But don't rely on all sorts of plastic having high resistance. Sometimes plastics, or materials that look like plastic, can be designed to have low resistance…
Plastics are made through organic chemistry (the study of carbon compounds). ALKENES are used to make plastics. Plastics consist of many repeated monomers (small molecules). The basic elements that make up most plastics are Carbon,Hydrogen,Oxigen,Nitrogen,Chlorine and Sulfur.(good job dumbo you spelled oxYgen wrong)