Damodar Valley Project is the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India began on July 7,1948.It was gradually completed as follows: 1. the first dam on Barkar River, a tributary of Damodar River completed in 1953 at Tilaiya. 2. The second dam on Konar River, a tributary of damodar River completed on 1955 at Konar. 3. A dam at Maithan completed on 1957 and other at Panchet completed on 1959.
A multipurpose river valley project serves many purposes such as preventing flooding. producing electricity, increasing agricultural areas, etc. An example of such a project is the Damodar Valley Project in India. Its purpose is to prevent flooding and crop damage and provide placement for hydel- power stations. It also opened up access to huge deposits of coal and iron ore.
A river valley multipurpose project is a project which covers the development of dam on a sufficiently large river extended over a large geographical area. It serves many purposes at a single time like acting as a hydroelectric power plant,providing a source of clean drinking water, providing irrigation to fields, checking floods and flow of river water etc.
"In India many multipurpose river projects are undertaken by the Government under 5- year Plans.These are: (Projects - River - State) 1.Bhakra Nangal Project - Sutlej - Punjab,Haryana,Rajasthan 2.Thein Dam Project - Ravi - Punjab 3.Ramganga Multipurpose Project - Chuisot Stream near Kalabagh - U.P. 4.Damodar Valley Multipurpose Project - Damodar - W.B. 5.Mayurakshi Project - Mayurakshi - W.B. 6.Hirakud Multipurpose Project (world's longest main stream dam) - Mahanadi - Orissa 7.Nagarjun Sagar, Upper Krishna…