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Answered 2013-04-22 08:29:49

Enterprise (OV-101) - Originally to be named Constitution, the name was changed to "Enterprise" after a write-in campaign by fans of the 1960's "Star Trek" TV series. Orbital Vehicle #101 was used for the initial Approach & Landing Tests (ALT) of the Space Transportation System (STS) at NASA-Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards AFB, Calif., and "fit checks" at launch pads 39A and 39B at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida and SLC-6 (Space Launch Complex #6) at Vandenberg AFB, Calif. Currently on display at the National Air & Space Museum's Udvar-Hazy Annex near Dulles International Airport.

Columbia (OV-099) - 1st reusable space shuttle to orbit Earth. Launched April 12, 1981; Lost with crew of seven during re-entry on mission STS-107 on Feb. 1, 2003

Challenger (OV-102) - Lost with crew of seven approximately 73 seconds into flight during STS-51L on Jan. 28, 1986

Atlantis (OV-103) - Decommissioned.

Discovery (OV-104) - Decommissioned.

Endeavour (OV-105) - Built as replacement to Challenger; name chosen during a nation-wide school contest. It utilized the British spelling and is named in honor of Capt James Cook's ship of exploration. Decommissioned.

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