Atoms and Atomic Structure

What are the principles of microscopy?

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2009-12-22 15:11:26

principle of microscopy includes 2 important aspects:

1. resolution and resolving power- the resolving power of a

microscope is defined as the minimum distance by which 2 points

must be separated in order for them to be perceived as 2 separate

points rather than a fused image.

2. magnification- Linear (sometimes called lateral or

transverse) magnification refers to the ratio of image length to

object length measured in planes that are perpendicular to the

optical axis. A negative value of linear magnification denotes an

inverted image. Longitudinal

magnification denotes the factor by which an image increases in

size, as measured along the optical axis.

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