Typical signs and symptoms include moderate to severe pain (depending on the severity of the fracture and associated nervous system effects)
Swelling, bruising, and tenderness
An exposed bone (complex fracture)
Physical deformity that is obvious.
For simple fractures and fractures that do not result in a breaking of the skin or obvious deformity, an x-ray is needed to confirm the presence of a fracture.
These can be done at an emergency department, urgent care clinic, or through a podiatrist.