What are the two conditions to make Antarctica the coldest place on earth during the winter?
During winter, there are no sunrises on most of the Antarctic continent. It is the coldest continent on earth. The lowest temperature recorded on our planet was recorded on Antarctica. The continent covers 10% of the earth's surface, and temperatures in winter generally range between 30 to 40 below zero F to 100 to 128.6 below zero, the coldest temperature, with constant wind.
Antarctica lies south of 60 degrees South Latitude, which means that during winter there is at least one day of no sunrise, depending on how far south you are on the continent. At the South Pole at 90 degrees South Latitude, there are six months of days with no sunrise. Moonlight, starlight and aurora, however, make for interesting light during these periods. Antarctica is the coldest, windiest and darkest continent on earth, and all these…
It doesn't. The South Pole has the coldest winter. Much of Antarctica is more than 2 miles above sea level, and temperature decreases with elevation. In addition, the Arctic Ocean covers the North Pole-- and the ocean's relative warmth is transferred through the icepack and prevents temperatures in the Arctic regions from reaching the extremes typical of the land surface of Antarctica.