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The electron is a subatomic particle that carries a negative electric charge. It has no known substructure and is believed to be a point particle.[2] An electron has a mass that is approximately 1836 times less than that of the proton.[8] The intrinsic angular momentum (spin) of the electron is a half integer value of 1/2, which means that it is a fermion. The anti-particle of the electron is called the positron, which is identical to the electron except that it carries electrical and other charges of the opposite sign. In collisions electrons and positrons annihilate, producing a pair (or more) of gamma ray photons. Electrons participate in gravitational, electromagnetic and weak interactions.[9] The concept of an indivisible amount of electric charge was theorized to explain the chemical properties of atoms, beginning in 1838 by British natural philosopher Richard Laming;[4] the name electron was introduced for this charge in 1894 by Irish physicist George Johnstone Stoney. The electron was identified as a particle in 1897 by J. J. Thomson and his team of British physicists.[6][10] Electrons are identical particles that belong to the first generation of the lepton particle family. Electrons have quantum mechanical properties of both a particle and a wave, so they can collide with other particles and be diffracted like light. Each electron occupies a quantum state that describes its random behavior upon measuring a physical parameter, such as its energy or spin orientation. Because an electron is a type of fermion, no two electrons can occupy the same quantum state; this property is known as the Pauli exclusion principle.[11] In many physical phenomena, such as electricity, magnetism, and thermal conductivity, electrons play an essential role. An electron generates a magnetic field while moving, and it is deflected by external magnetic fields. When an electron is accelerated, it can absorb or radiate energy in the form of photons. Electrons, together with atomic nuclei made of protons and neutrons, make up atoms. However, electrons contribute less than 0.06% to an atom's total mass. The attractive Coulomb force between an electron and a proton causes electrons to be bound into atoms. The exchange or sharing of the electrons between two or more atoms is the main cause of chemical bonding.[12] According to theory, electrons were created by the Big Bang, and they are lost in stellar nucleosynthesis processes. Electrons are produced by cosmic rays entering the atmosphere and are predicted to be created by Hawking radiation at the event horizon of a black hole. Radioactive isotopes can release an electron from an atomic nucleus as a result of negative beta decay. Laboratory instruments are capable of containing and observing individual electrons, while telescopes can detect electron plasma by its energy emission. Electrons have many applications, including welding, cathode ray tubes, electron microscopes, radiation therapy, lasers and particle accelerators.

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Q: What are the uses of electrons?
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Related questions

Tool that uses a beam of electrons to magnify objects?

An Electron Microscope uses electrons to magnify objects.

What are the uses of valence electrons?

Valence electrons are important for the chemical reactions.

A microscope that uses a beam of electrons to examine a specimen is called?

The Electron Microscope uses a beam of electrons to illuminate the specimen for examination.

How many electrons in calcium oxide molecule (CaO)?

Calcium has 20 electrons and oxygen has 8 electrons, so the TOTAL number of electrons in CaO is 28. If you mean how many valence electrons are used, then calcium uses 2 valence electrons, and oxygen uses 6 valence electrons for a total of 8 valence electrons.

What uses electrons to produce magnified images?

This is an electron microscope.

What uses electrons to form a magnified image?

Electron Microscope

Microscope that uses a beam of electrons?

A Scanning Electron Microscope

A device that uses stored chemical energy to push electrons through a wire is called?

A battery is a device that uses stored chemical energy to push electrons through a wire.

Does calcium hydroxide share electrons or transfer electrons?

Calcium Hydroxide uses ionic bonding to share electons.

The electron transport chain uses high energy electrons from the Krebs cycle to do what?

The electron transport chain uses the high-energy electrons from the Krebs cycle to convert ADP into ATP.

Uses electrons to produce magnified images?

Transmission Electron Microscope

What are the uses of a covalent bonding?

covalent bonding is used to share electrons

What the rectifier uses four diodes?

to flow the electrons one way

How do electrons microscopes work?

It uses beam of electrons instead of light to pass through the specimen which is held in a vacuum chamber.

Do electrons flow through a voltmeter?

Yes. Electrons must flow through anything that uses or otherwise requires electricity.

Are all the electrons in atoms used in bonding?

No, except for hydrogen. Bonding uses outermost electrons (outside full shells).

A microscope that uses electrons to examine a specimen is called a what?

That would be an electron microscope.

What microscope uses a magnetic field to bend beams of electrons?

Electron microscope

Device that uses electrons to produce images on a screen?

A cathode ray tube

What uses high energy electrons to convert ADP to ATP?

Krebs cycle

What uses the chemical symbol and dots to show electrons?

The Lewis Dot diagram.

What is a microscope that uses a beam of electrons to examine a specimen?

Is called an electron microscope

What happens during photophosphorylation?

energy from the sunlight uses electrons to make atp.

What type of microscope uses beams of electrons to produce an image?

light microscopes

What microscopes uses beams of electrons to illuminate an object?

An E.M = electon microscope