What cause malaria African sleeping sickness and amoebic dysentery?
Well first thing first Malaria and African sleeping sickness are to different things.
Malaria is caused by a parasite that is transmitted from one human to another by the bite of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. It involves high fevers, shaking chills, flu-like symptoms, and anemia. The parasites multiply inside the red blood cells, which then rupture within 48 to 72 hours, infecting more red blood cells. The first symptoms usually occur 10 days to 4 weeks after infection, though they can appear as early as 8 days or as long as a year after infection. Then the symptoms occur in cycles of 48 to 72 hours.
Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), also called sleeping sickness, is an illness endemic to sub-Saharan Africa. these parasites are transmitted to human hosts by bites of infected tsetse flies which are found only in Africa.
The disease is mostly transmitted through the bite of an infected tsetse fly but there are other ways in which people are infected with sleeping sickness.
- Mother-to-child infection: the trypanosome can cross the placenta and infect the fetus.
- Mechanical transmission through other blood sucking insects is possible. However, it is difficult to assess the epidemiological impact of transmission.
- Accidental infections have occurred in laboratories due to pricks from contaminated needles.
Amoebic dysentery (amoebiasis) is an infection of the intestine (gut) caused by an amoeba called Entamoeba histolytica that, among other things, can cause severe diarrhoea with blood.
But it may cause milder chronic symptoms of:
- frequent loose stools
- abdominal pain
- intermittent constipation
- diarrhoea with abdominal swelling
Amoebae are parasites that are found in contaminated food or drink. They enter the body through the mouth when the contaminated food or drink is swallowed.
The amoebae are then able to move through the digestive system and take up residence in the intestine and cause an infection.
Kenya's serious health problems are: · Aids & HIV · Amoebic dysentery · Bilharzia (schistosomiasis) · Cholera · Diarrheoa and sickness · Hepatitis A · Hepatitis B · Lassa Fever · Malaria · Meningococcal Meningitis · Polio · Rabies · Rift Valley Fever · Sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis) · Tuberculosis · Typhoid · West Nile Fever · Yellow Fever For travellers going to Kenya, seek medical care prior to you travelling.
Protozoa range in size from 1/5,000 to 1/50 of an inch (5 to 500 micrometers) in diameter. They are microscopic. The term protozoa means first animal. They are found everywhere and they eat bacteria, algae and other protozoans. Examples that are interesting to us are the flagellate Trypanosoma, which causes African sleeping sickness; the amoeba Entamoeba histolytica, which can attack the intestinal wall and cause amoebic dysentery, and the sporozoans of the Plasmodium species, which…
the symptoms and signs of dysentery include diarrhea with mucus discharge, many a times, there is dull aching pain around umbilicus and in the lower abdomen. if not treated it complicates to bloody diarrhea.if it is amoebic dysentery, the cysts of amoeba may lodge in the liver forming amoebic liver abscess.
Are many protozoa parasites and cause diseases such as malaria amoebic dysentery and African sleeping sickness?
Malaria is endemic in many parts of the world and almost 300,000,000 people suffer from it. About 500,000 to 800,000 die because of it. Mostly in Africa and below 5 years old children. It is one of the major cause of morbidity and mortality, in tropical countries. This parasite now belongs to protozoa family but probably evolved from plant kingdom. It is transmitted by bite of infected Anabel's mosquito. In case of amoeba it belongs…
Malaria is caused by parasitic protozoans of the genus Plasmodium. African sleeping sickness is caused by Trypanosoma brucei, and its relative, Trypanosoma cruzi, causes Chagas disease. Giardiasis (beaver fever) is caused by Giardia intestinalis. Amoebic dysentery is caused by amoebae such as Entamoeba histolytica. Toxoplasmosis is caused by Toxoplasma gondii. The amoeba Balamuthia can cause P.A.M., a very rare but almost always fatal encephalitis. Trypanosomiasis- Chagas Disease Malaria is one of the diseases caused by…
Dysentery can be caused by quite a few different antigens, including bacteria, viruses, and amoebas (protists.) Amoebic Dysentery is probably the most well-known, popular version, but dysentery in itself basically refers to painful inflammation of the intestines, which causes bloody, uncomfortable diarrhea. This can lead to dehydration on dangerous levels.