What causes a ruptured spleen?
Because of the spleen's position in the abdomen, a severe blow to the stomach area can rupture the spleen, tearing its covering and the tissue inside and can be caused by car accidents, athletic mishaps, and beatings. When the spleen ruptures, a large volume of blood may pours out into the abdomen. The spleen's tough outer covering may contain the bleeding temporarily, but surgery is needed immediately to prevent life-threatening blood loss. A ruptured spleen makes the abdomen painful and tender. Blood in the abdomen acts as an irritant and causes pain; the abdominal muscles contract reflexively and feel rigid. If the blood leaks out gradually, no symptoms may occur until the body's blood supply is so depleted that blood pressure falls and not enough oxygen can reach the brain and heart. Symptoms of low blood pressure and lack of oxygen include light-headedness, blurred vision, confusion, and loss of consciousness (fainting).
Spleen pain could be caused by many factors. One of the primary causes is the enlarged spleen which can indicate other types of infections ranging from blood cancers to liver diseases. Sometimes car accidents can also lead to ruptured spleen. An enlarged spleen can also result in other medical conditions such as Hodgkin's disease, leukemia and liver cirrhosis.
Yes, and it is called a 'ruptured spleen'. Accidents that apply trauma to the abdominal area often rupture the spleen, and it must then be removed by surgery because the spleen is a repository for blood and someone can bleed out internally if the spleen isn't removed. You can live without your spleen just fine, by the way.
The classic symptom of a ruptured spleen is a nagging pain in the left shoulder. Very strange because the spleen is somewhere below the bottom left rib! However when I was hospitalised after a motorcycle accident in late 1964 my left shoulder was X rayed but there was no sign of a break. I was therefore taken home in an ambulance and spent the night in agony with my father holding me down on the…