What countries in Africa gained independence in the 1950s and 1960s?
from A Short History of Africa by Oliver & Fage, 1995: Early 1950s: Libya. Eritrea also gained independence from European governments, but was joined with Ethiopia. Late 1950s: Sudan, Morocco, Tunisia, Ghana, Guinea. Early 1960s: Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Chad, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Upper Volta, Togo, Dahomey, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo-Brazzaville, Central African Republic, Congo-Leopoldville, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanganyika, Zanzibar, Zambia, Malawi, Madagascar. (Tanganyika and Zanzibar formed Tanzania after independence.) Late 1960s: Gambia, Equatorial Guinea, Botswana, Swaziland, Lesotho. (The countries aren't in date order within the groups - just the order I read them off the map!)